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对外汉语教师资格证培训|教外国人学中文

一个外国人告诉你是如何学中文的

时间:2017-03-07 10:06:37  来源:  作者:

经常有知友问我“你的中文怎么学得这么好?我怎么才能像你这样把汉语学好?有什么秘诀?”


我很抱歉,我没有什么秘诀露给大家。我只有自己的方法,不知道适不适合别人的情况。



我上正式的中文课时间真的不多。一开始2008年在我家的社区学院学了一个学期,两门课,每周三次。老师有两位,一位陕西人,一位台湾人。她们事先教了我们我拼音的写法和读音。不久就开始学汉字。我从开始对汉字特别感兴趣,觉得汉字很好看,很好学,很有逻辑。



我们用的课本还可以的,语法,从句结构介绍得很清楚,只不过里面的对话有点假的。每周都学了新生词,我的同学们很混杂,有中年消磨时间来的,有青少年ABC被父母逼着学母语的,我算是课里面最认真的。老师让我们每周背的汉字和词汇我都背好了。我当时也开始和我几个以前在中国旅游时认识的朋友交换邮件。我当时的中文太简单了,还好他们对我好,很耐心地读勒我的邮件由回复来了。为了写更精彩的邮件,我经常查词典找更多的词汇。



一个学期过地很快,2009年头我就飞到上海,在一个中文培训学校继续学中文。每周五天上四个小时的课。学校把我放在一个“中级”的课程里,共只有三个学生,一个红发苏格兰男人,一个法籍华人美女。上这门课我通常感觉很烦躁,因为我的同学不怎么认真。下课以后同学都聚在一起去吃吃饭都用英文交流我觉得很不爽。



所以我每天下课以后自己骑自行车到一个可以找中国人练习中文的地方。我常去的地方是:

    中山公园
    交通大学
    人民公园
    华东师大
    咖啡馆

到了那个公园或者校园就找个地方坐坐,拿出来我的作业认真做。如果附近有可爱的女生就和她搭讪,“美女请问这个字怎么读?”。我这样在上海找到了很多语言交换朋友。哦,还有,我经常去按摩,当时在上海按摩一个小时25元,可以边按摩边练习中文。



我在上海读了三个月的培训班以后,在考虑是否该在上海继续我的中国梦,还是搬到别的地方去。是我怕在上海国际中学那种环境我的中文发展空间很有限。我那个朋友当时在中国已经待了两年但中文一句话不会说。我那朋友,他女朋友会英文,他教课说英文,学生来自世界各地,和老师只说英文。住在教师宿舍楼身边的人都是外国人,都在说英文。而且校园离市中心很远(当年地铁延续线还没有修好),我怕学中文很不方便。



我当时想到了我2006年第一次到中国旅游的时候对昆明那个城市的印象很不错,觉得很易居,就决定搬到昆明继续学中文。我当时做了一点研究,发现昆明的地方语言其实很靠近北京,东方的标准普通话,不像上海,浙江,福建,广东那一带方言(甚至语言)完全不同。



我在昆明的朋友圈几乎都是中国人,而且是不会说英语的中国人(这时,我的中文已经可以基本沟通,和朋友交流没有太大的障碍)。我中文水平提高最快就是这两年,2009和2010年。后面水平提高的速度越来越慢。

外国人学习中文经验分享



我这段时间兼职教英语,不上课的时间大部分都花在学中文。我这时已经不上正式的课,因为觉得同学没有我认真上课是浪费时间。我的教师是我的朋友,是我的环境。我每次看到不认识的字,我都会在我的小笔记本记下来,然后查词典,把字系统性地列入一个Excel表格里面(这样更易于整理,排列)。

我做了不同类型的表格,比如:

    动词
    名次
    形容词
    地名
    食物
    动物
    等等


我每次到餐厅认真学习菜单,把所有的菜记下来学习。这是我翻译的一个菜单。我把英文版给了老板娘,她为了感谢我让我免费吃饭。里面有些Chinglish,那是我当时不好翻译的 (文章还没有结束,菜单翻译下面还有更多)

鸡类 Chicken Dishes
干锅辣子鸡 Dry pot chili pepper chicken
干锅手撕 鸡 Dry pot hand-torn chicken
洋芋鸡 Potato chicken
清汤鸡锅仔 Clear both chicken soup in a pot
酸汤鸡锅仔 Sour chicken soup in a pot

菜名 Famous Dishes
香辣鸡 Fresh spicy chicken
辣子鸡 Chili pepper chicken
黄焖鸡 Yellow simmered chicken
饵块煎鸡 Rice cakes and pan-fried chicken
宫爆鸡丁 Kung pao diced chicken
香辣鸡丁 Fresh spicy diced chicken
糖醋鸡片 Sweet and sour sliced chicken
豉汁油鸡 Salted fermented bean juice oily chicken

鱼类 Fish Dishes
炝锅鱼 Boiled then stir-fried fish
回锅鱼 Twice-cooked fish
豆花鱼 Tofu fish
酸辣脆皮鱼 Hot and sour crispy skin fish
酸菜鱼 Pickled vegetable fish
豆腐鱼 Tofu fish
红烧鱼 Red-cooked fish
清汤鱼 Clear broth fish soup
麻辣沸腾鱼 Hot and spicy boiled fish
酸菜鱼锅仔 Pickled vegetable fish in a pot
两吃鱼 Two-eats fish
松鼠鱼 Squirrel fish
香辣锅仔鱼片Fresh spicy sliced fish in a pot

铁板类 Iron plate dishes
铁板牛肉 Iron plate beef
铁板鳝鱼 Iron plate eel
铁板鸡条 Iron plate shredded chicken
铁板里脊 Iron plate tenderloin
铁板腰花 Iron plate lamb kidneys
铁板肚条 Iron plate shredded tripe
铁板粉肠 Iron plate intestines
铁板藕条 Iron plate lotus root
铁板日本豆腐 Iron plate Japanese tofu
铁板茄子 Iron plate eggplant

炸菜类 Deep-fried dishes
炸排骨 Deep fried pork cutlet
炸酱肉 Deep fried soy sauce meat
芝麻酱肉 Sesame paste pork
炸粉肠 Deep fried intestines
炸小白鱼 Deep fried whitefish
炸小虾 Deep fried tiny shrimp
炸脆皮肉 Deep fried crispy fish skin
炸香芋饼 Deep fried fresh taro cakes
炸麻辣洋芋条 Deep fried hot and spicy shredded potato
炸花生 Deep fried peanuts
怪噜花生 Strange conversations peanuts

凉菜类 Cold dishes
凉白鱼 Cold whitefish
凉灰蛋 Cold hundred year old egg
凉三丝 Cold julienne vegetables
凉黄瓜 Cold cucumber
凉折耳根 Cold bent ear root
凉糖番茄 Cold sugared tomato
凉苦瓜 Cold bitter melon
凉藕片 Cold sliced lotus
凉豆腐 Cold tofu

炒菜类 Stir-fried dishes
红三剁 Three red cuts of meat
黑三剁 Three black cuts of meat
灰三剁 Three gray cuts of meat
爱尼三剁 Three lovely nun cuts of meat
糖醋里脊 Sweet and sour pork
豆豉回锅肉 Black bean twice-cooked pork
酱爆回锅肉 Soy sauce exploding twice-cooked pork
饵块回锅肉 Rice cake twice-cooked pork
宫爆脆肚 Kung pao crispy tripe
宫爆肚片 Kung pao sliced tripe
蒜籽烧肚条 Garlic stewed shredded tripe
麻辣肚片 Hot and spicy sliced tripe
泡椒肚片 Pepper tripe slices
宫爆鸡肫 Kung pao chicken gizzards
小米辣炒鸡 Spiy stir-fried chili pepper and chicken
泡椒炒鸡肫 Stir-fried pepper and chicken gizzards
韭菜炒虾 Stir-fried leeks and shrimp
小米辣炒虾 Spicy stir-fried pepper and shrimp
炒干巴 Stir-fried dried meat
红烧排骨 Red-cooked pork chop
糖醋排骨 Sweet and sour pork chop
椒炒火腿 Stir-fried pepper ham
酸辣毛肚 Hot and sour hairy tripe
酸菜毛肚 Hairy tripe with pickled vegetables
三鲜毛肚 Three delicacies hairy tripe
水煮毛肚 Boiled hairy tripe
宫爆猪肝 Kung pao pig liver
小炒猪肝 Stir-fried pig livers
干巴煸猪肉丝 Stir-fried dried shredded pork
茄子鲜炒肉丝 Stir-fried eggplant and shredded pork
黄焖小白鱼 Yellow stewed whitefish
孜然牛肉片 Cumin sliced beef
泡椒牛肉片 Pepper sliced beef
青椒牛肉片 Green pepper sliced beef
水煮牛肉片 Boiled sliced beef
干煸牛肉丝 Stir fried, then boiled, dried shredded beef
芹菜牛肉 Celery beef
小米辣牛肉片 Spicy chili pepper and sliced beef
腌菜牛肉末 Pickled ground beef
宫爆肉片 Kung pao sliced pork
豆花里脊 Tofu spine
青椒炒肉片 Green pepper stir-fried sliced pork
腌菜炒肉 Stir-fried pork with pickled vegetables
泡椒炒肉 Stir-fried pepper and pork
腐乳炒肉片 Stir-fried sliced pork and fermented tofu
水煮肉片 Boiled sliced pork
鱼香肉丝 Sweet and spicy shredded pork
农家小炒肉 Peasant style stir-fried pork
宣威小炒肉 Xuānwēi style stir-fried pork
宫爆肉丁 Kung pao diced pork
折耳根炒腊肉 Stir-fried bent ear root and bacon
茶树菇炒腊肉 Stir-fried tea tree mushrooms and bacon
麻辣香豆腐 Hot and spicy savory tofu
三鲜香豆腐 Three delicacies savory tofus
三鲜日本豆腐 Three delicacies Japanese tofus
红烧日本豆腐 Red-cooked Japanese tofu
素炒苦瓜 Stir-fried bitter melon
板扎小毛驴 Tied donkey meat
臭豆腐炒回锅肉 Stir-fried stinky tofu and twice-cooked pork
锅巴竹荪 Rice crust and young bamboo shoots
瓦片香瓜 Cantaloupe cubes
满口香牛肉 Pure savory beef
云南小炒鸡 Yunnan style stir-fried chicken
黔香风肉丁 Guizhou local style savory diced pork
水豆豉炒荔荪蒿 Stir-fried lychee with bean sauce, fragrant grass, and Chinese chrysanthemum

时鲜蔬菜类 Fresh and seasonal vegetable dishes

蒜粉菠菜 Spinach with garlic
炒空心菜 Stir-fried water spinach
炒小苦菜 Stir-fried chickory
炒生菜 Stir-fried lettuce
白灼菜心 Brilliant heart chinese cabbage
牛肉粉丝 Beef vermicelli
钵臭豆腐 Stinky tofu on an earthenware plate
炒南瓜尖 Stir-fried pumpkin greens
鱼香茄子 Fish-flavored eggplant
鱼香风味豆腐 Fish-flavored local style tofu
家带豆腐 Family bringing tofu
麻婆豆腐 Mapo tofu
小炒豆腐 Stir-fried tofu
酱爆茄子 Soy paste fried eggplant
小炒茄子 Stir-fried eggplant
干煸茄子 Dry stir-fried eggplant
小炒青花菜 Stir-fried broccoli
炒苘蒿 Stir-fried Chinese chrysanthemum
炒荔蒿 Stir-fried lychee and wormwood
宫爆白菜 Kung pao Chinese cabbage
炒金白菜 Stir-fried golden Chinese cabbage
炒小白菜 Stir-fried bok choy
干焙洋芋丝 Dry-baked shredded potatoes
干椒洋芋丝 Dry pepper shredded potatoes
茄子金白菜 Eggplant and golden Chinese cabbage
茄子鲜洋芋丝 Eggplant and fresh shredded potatoes
老奶洋芋 Old grandma's potatoes
回锅洋芋 Twice-cooked potatoes
鸭蛋黄洋芋丝 Duck egg yolk shredded potatoes
白火鸟莲花白 White fire bird cabbage
莲花白炒粉丝 Stir-fried cabbage vermicelli
菠菜炒粉丝 Stir-fried spinach vermicelli
炒青笋片 Stir-fried sliced young bamboo shoots
炒青笋尖 Stir-fried young bamboo shoos
糟辣子炒竹笋 Stir-fried bamboo shoots with spoiled chili pepper
腌菜炒豆尖 Stir-fried bean sprouts with picked vegetables
炒丝瓜尖 Stir-fried towel gourd tips
黄焖臭豆腐 Yellow-stewed stinky tofu
番茄炒蛋 Stir-fried eggs and tomatoes
炒芥兰花 Stir-fried mustard orchid
韭菜炒黄豆腐 Stir-fried leeks and yellow tofu
金沙洋芋丝 Jinsha style shredded potatoes
蜂窝玉米 Honeycomb fried corn
蚂蚁上树 Ants climbing on the tree
苦菜酥红豆 Chickory and flaky red bean
腌菜酥红豆 Pickled vegetables and flaky red bean
干煸藕丝 Dry-satuéed shredded lotus root
盐局豆花 Salty narrow bean curd
豆豉雪里清 Black bean clear snow
素炒雪里清 Stir-fried plain clear snow
番茄炒菠菜 Stir-fried tomato and spinach
巧手空心菜 Skillful hands' water spinach
青椒炒蛋 Stir-fried green pepper with egg
怪味皮蛋 Strange smelling thousand year old egg
苦瓜炒蛋 Stir-fried bitter melon with egg
苦瓜前蛋 Bitter melon and egg
水晶瓜条 Crystal melon strips
葱花前蛋 Chopped onion and egg
金瓜炒干咸鸭蛋 Stir-fried golden melon with dry salted duck egg
青椒炒灰蛋 Stir fried green pepper with ashen egg
虎皮青椒 Tiger skin green pepper
两亩地 Two acres of land
炒盐豆 Stir-fried salty beans
炒金针菇 Stir-fried enoki mushrooms
青椒白蘑菇 Green pepper and white mushrooms
炒芦笋 Stir-fried asparagus
韭黄炒豆腐皮 Yellow-fried leeks and tofu skin
素炒黄瓜 Vegetarian stir-fried cucumber
腌菜炒藕 Stir-fried lotus root and pickled vegetables
豆鼓水蕨菜 Bean drum and water fern
炒相思菜 Stir-fried mutual consideration vegetable
腌菜炒红豆 Stir-fried red beans and salted vegetables
金钩白菜 Gold-hooked Chinese cabbage

汤类 Soups

番茄鸡蛋汤 Tomato and egg soup
黄瓜鸡蛋汤 Cucumber and egg soup
紫菜鸡蛋汤 Seaweed and egg soup
三鲜汤 Three delicacies soup
豆尖榨菜肉丝汤 Bean sprouts, hot picked mustard tuber, and shredded pork soup
白蘑菇肉片汤 White mushroom and sliced meat soup
芫荽松花蛋汤 Thousand year egg and coriander soup
沙锅豆腐 Tofu casserole
小白菜豆腐汤 Bok choy and tofu soup
小苦菜豆腐汤 Chickory and tofu soup
荠菜豆腐汤 Water chestnut and tofu soup
豆尖豆腐汤 Bean sprouts and tofu soup
腌菜洋芋片汤 Salted vegetable and sliced potato soup
老奶洋芋煮丝瓜尖汤 Old grandma's potato and towel gourd tips soup
腌菜红豆汤 Salted vegetable and red bean soup


哈哈, 看到我2010年翻译的这个菜单好怀念那个时光。



我的那些表格打印出的印件来随身随时携带,有空就拿出来学习(当时还没有职能手机,tablet什么地)。我经常自考,中英考法都有(看英文词写中文字,看中文字写英文翻译)。我也学词汇的用处,就是如何造句子。知道一个词,但不知道怎么去用它是完全没用的。我在这儿遇到了一些困难,因为发现我表格里的一些词汇不是很常用的。我那时经常会用错词,或者把很书面的词用在口语上。因此我一直以来很关注[书面vs口语]这个区划。



我2010年到2012年一直坚持弄表格,学新词。2013年我开始懒些不怎么复习我以前学的汉语知识。反正,大部分现在已经很自然落在我脑海里。有些想不到的还可以查查辞典。 前两年是我中文进步最慢的时间。还好,今年发现知乎,又学到了很多新的语言。我觉得知乎对在学中文的老外用处很大,不知道为什么现在那么多外国人在学中文,但用知乎的这么少。我现在告诉大家我一个美国朋友也在用知乎:阿杜。她目前没有我积极,你们可以鼓励她多参加知乎!



我下面给你们分享我当年那个表格。我学它的时候,它有三个栏目:英文,汉字,和拼音。贴在这里我把拼音去掉,因为你们是中国人,不需要!我希望这个清单可以对在学英文的知友有帮助。根据你的英文水平,你可能已经知道大部分,或者可能只知道部分。有些词很常见,有些却比较特殊,和我兴趣有关。

一下 a little while
一会儿 a little while
一偏之见 one-sided view
一共 altogether
一切 everything
一向 all along/constantly/the whole time
一块儿 together
一定 surely/must
一律 without exception
一旦 if in case/in case
一样 the same/alike
一次性 disposable goods/one-time-use products
一点 a little
一直 continuous; continuously
一眼 a glimpse/glance/quick look
一系列 a series of / a string of
一般 general/ordinary
一见倾心 love at first sight
一起 together
一路平安 have a pleasant journey
一辈子 lifetime/all one's life
一边 at the same time/simultaneously
万 ten thousand
万一 just in case/if by any chance
万事如意 May all your wishes come true
丈夫 husband
三峡 Three Gorges
三明治 sandwich (个)
三级片 film with sex or violence
三角形 triangle
上下文 (textual) context
上下文 context
上传 to upload
上午 morning
上海 Shanghai
上涨 to rise/go up
上演 to stage a show/perform
上班 to go to work
上瘾 to be addicted to…(毒品..)
上等 top notch/top quality
上课 to start class
上边 above/over
下午 afternoon
下咽 to swallow
下垂 to droop/sag/hang down
下棋 to play chess
下课 to get out of class
下载 to download
下边 below/underneath
下降 to decline/drop/fall/go down/decrease)
下雨 to rain
下雪 to snow
不 no/not
不久 not long after
不但 not only
不值一提 not worth mentioning
不到 less than/insufficient
不可思议 inconceivable/unimaginable
不同 different
不和 to not get along/be at odds/be on bad terms
不好意思 to feel embarrassed
不如 to be not as good as
不幸 unfortunate/unfortunately
不得不 can't help but/have no choice but to
不必 not necessarily
不忙 there's no hurry/to take one's time
不怎么样 not so good
不悦 unpleasant/displease
不敢当 I really don't deserve this
不断 unceasing/uninterrupted/continuous/constant
不满 dissatisfied/uncontent/resentful
不现实 unrealistic
不理 to refuse to acknowledge/pay no attention to/ignore
不用 need not
不管 regardless of/no matter
不耐烦 impatient
不自在 to feel uncomfortable/uneasy
不良反应 side effects
不行 not ok/not allowed
不见不散 wait for me, don't leave
不规范 not standard / abnormal / irregular
不负责任 irresponsible
不足 insufficient/lacking/deficiency/not enough
不过 however/but
不远的将来 not-too-distant future
不错 not bad
不顾 in spite of/regardless of
与日俱增 to grow steadily
丑闻 scandal
专一 single-minded
专业 major/specialty
专家 expert/specialist
专心 concentration
专辑 album/record
专门 specialist / specialized / customized
世故 experienced like a fox (贬义)
世界 world
世界各地 all over the world
丘陵 hills
业余 amateur
东 east
东海 East China Sea
东西 things/objects
丝绸 silk
丢 to lose
丢弃 to abandon/discard/throw away
丢脸 loss of face / humiliation
两性平等 equality between the sexes
严肃 solemn/solemnity
严谨 rigorous/strict/careful (writing style, etc)
严重 severe/grave/serious/critical
个 meas. for many things
个人 individual (person)
个人主义 individualism
个性 individuality/personality
中产阶级 middle class
中介 intermediary/agent
中午 noon
中国 China
中国画 traditional Chinese painting
中国通 Old China Hand
中央 center/central
中学 middle school
中式 Chinese style
中性 neutral
中文 Chinese
中秋节 Mid-Autumn Festival
中药 Chinese medicine
中餐 Chinese food
丰富 to enrich; rich
丰满 buxom/voluptuous
丰田 Toyota
临时 spur of the moment/impromptu
为 for
为了 in order to
为什么 why
为止 until/up to
为难 to feel embarrassed or awkward
主人 master/owner
主任 director/head
主动 take the initiative/voluntary/one's own accord
主张 to advocate/a view/position/viewpoint
主意 plan
主要 main
主观 subjective
主角 leading actor/actress
主词 particle
举 to lift
举办 to conduct/hold
举止 behavior/manner/bearing/demeanor
义务 obligation/duty/mandatory
义和团运动 Boxer Rebellion
之一 …one of
之前 before
之后 afterwards/following/later/after
之间 between/among/inter-
乌鲁木齐 Urumqi
乌龙茶 oolong tea
乌龟 turtle
乐于 to be happy to/take delight in
乐器 musical instrument
乐曲 musical composition
乐观 optimistic/hopeful
乐趣 pleasure
乒乓球 table tennis/ping pong
乖 obedient/well-behaved/clever
乘 to ride
乘客 passenger
乞讨 to beg/begging
也 also
也就是说 in other words/that is to say
也许 perhaps
习俗 local custom/tradition
习惯 to be accustomed to/habit
习近平 Xi Jinping, next President of China
习题 exercise/problem (schoolwork)
乡镇 village / township
书 book
书店 bookstore
书房 study (room)
书架 bookshelf
书法 calligraphy/handwriting
买 to buy
乱 messy/disorderly
乱说 gossip/speak carelessly/irresponsibly
乳罩 bra
了不起 amazing/terrific/extraordinary
了事 to be done with/dispose of a matter
了解 to understand/realize
争夺 to fight for/contend for/vie for (politics)
争议 controversy
争议性 controversial
争论 to argue/debate/contend/argument
事 matter/affair/thing
事件 event/incident/happening
事先 in advance/beforehand
事实 fact (个)
事情 affair
事故 accident
二奶 mistress/second wife/lover
二胡 erhu
二重奏 duet (instrumental)
云 cloud
互相 mutually/one another
互联网 the internet
五金 hardware
亚洲 Asia
些 some
交 to pay/hand in/deliver
交往 dating/to associate
交换 to exchange / to swap / to switch
交易 transaction/business deal
交流 to exchange
交游 field trip
交际 communication/social interaction
享受 to enjoy
京剧 Beijing opera
亭 pavilion
亮 light
亲吻 kiss
亲密 intimate/close
亲戚 relative
亲朋好友 friends and family
亲眼 with one's own eyes/personally
人 person
人们 people
人口 population
人品素质 moral character
人均 per capita
人妖 ladyboy
人文 humanities
人权 human rights
人民 people
人民币 RMB
人流 an abortion
人类 humanity/human race/mankind
人类本性 human nature
人群 crowd
人行道 sidewalk
人间 the human world
亿 hundred million
亿 one hundred million
什么 what
仁慈 benevolent/charitable/kind
仅 just/barely/merely/only
今天 today
今年 this year
介绍 to introduce
介词 preposition
仍然 still
从 from
从...起.. starting from ...
从前 previously
从来 all along/always/never
从此 henceforth/from now on
仓促 hurried
仓库 warehouse/storehouse
仔细 detailed
他们 them
付 to pay
仙女 fairy/female immortal
代替..而是 instead of…rather
代沟 generation gap
代理服务器 proxy server
代表 representative; to represent
代词 pronoun
代课 substitute
令人 to make smn/cause sb (feel/to do smth)
以上 more than/above/over
以下 less than/below/under
以为 to have thought that
以便 in order to/so as to/so that
以内 within/less than
以前 before/formerly/previously
以及 as well as/too/and
以后 after/afterwards
以外 apart from/other than/except for
以此 thus
件 meas.
价值 value/worth (literal and figurative)
价值观 system of values
任何 any; any
任何时候 anytime
任性 headstrong/willful/stubborn
任意 at will/randomly/arbitrarily
份 for gifts, media, papers, reports, contracts
份 meas. for newspapers
仿制品 fake/imitation object
企业 business/enterprise
伊斯兰教 Islam
休息 to take a rest
休闲 to take recreation
众议院 House of Representatives
优先 priority
优惠 preferential/favorable
优柔寡断 indecisive
优点 merit/benefit/strong point
优秀 outstanding/excellent
优美 graceful/fine/exquisite/elegant
优雅 graceful
会 to be able to/know how to
会计 accountant
会议 meeting/conference (场, 届)
会话 dialog
伟大 greatness; great
传单 flier
传授 to impart/pass on/teach
传播 to spread/propagate/disseminate
传统 traditional
传说 legend
伤 to hurt/wound
伤口 wound
伤痛 pain/sorrow
伦敦 London
伪君子 hypocrite
伯克利 Berkeley
估计 to reckon/estimate
伸懒腰 to stretch (one's body)
但愿 if only (sth were possible) / I wish (that)
但是 but
位 measure for people (polite)
位置 position
低 low
低保 financial assistance for the poor
低脂奶 lowfat milk
低调 low-key/low-profile
住 to live/reside
住宅 residence/tenement
住院 to be in the hospital
体会 to realize/come to know/learn from experience
体积 volume (solids)
体育馆 athletics facility/stadium
体谅 to empathize/show empathy
体贴 considerate (of other peoples' needs)
体重 body weight
何不 why not
何妨 why not/might as well/what's the harm in
余额 balance (account)
作品 work of literature of art
作家 writer
作弊 to cheat/plagiarize (on an exam, etc)
作息时间表 work schedule/daily schedule
作料 condiments/seasonings
作物 crop
作用 function/purpose
你 you
佣金 commission (broker)
佤族 Wa ethnicity
佩服 to admire
使用 use; to use
例如 for example
侍 poem/poetry
供求 supply and demand
依赖 to depend on / to be dependent on
侵害 to trespass
侵犯 to violate/encroach on
便宜 cheap
便携式 portable
便饭 a simple meal
促使 to induce/encourage (可能导致)
促进 to promote
俄罗斯 Russia
俊杰 elite/outstanding talent/genius
俗气 tacky/in poor taste
俗语 saying/proverb
俚语 slang
保健 health care
保养 to maintain/keep good care of
保存 to save (a file)
保守 conservative (politically, culturally)
保护 to protect
保持联系 to keep in touch
保暖 to stay warm
保留 to retain/continue to have/preserve
保证 to guarantee/ensure/pledge
保险 insurance
信 letter
信仰 to believe in
信任 to trust/have confidence in
信封 envelope
信息技术 information technology
信用卡 credit card
俩 two (us too, those two)
修建 to build/construct
修改 amend/alter
修整 to repair/maintain/prune
修理 to repair/fix
修造 to build
修饰 to polish (writing)/modify (grammar)
倍 fold, as in two-fold or three-fold
倒 bankrupt; to fall
倒映 reflection in water
倒是 actually/contrary to what one might expect
倒霉 unlucky
倔强 stubborn / obstinate / unbending
借 to borrow
借书证 library card
借债 to borrow money/take out a loan
借口 to use as an excuse / on the pretext
债务 debt
值得 to be worth/deserve
值得信任 to be worthy of trust
值得信赖 trustworthy
倾倒 to dump/pour out/empty out
倾向 trend/tendency
倾向于 to be prone to
假 holiday/vacation
假如 if
假定 to presume/assume/suppose
假山 rock formation
假若 if/supposing/in case
假装 to feign/pretend
偎 to cuddle
偏偏 contrary to expectation
偏旁 radical (character)
偏激 extreme (thoughts, circumstances…)
偏离 to deviate/diverge/wander
偏见 prejudice
做 to do/make
做作 artificial/affected
做操 to do gymnastics
做生意 to do business
停 to stop/cease
停止 to stop/halt/cease
停车场 parking lot
健康 health; healthy
偶像 role model/idol
偶然 accidental/fortuitous/by chance
偷 to steal
偷工减料 to skimp on the job/sloppy work
偿还 to repay (a debt, etc)
傍大款 to be a golddigger
傍晚 in the evening/at night fall/at dusk
傣族 Dai
储藏 to contain/store
傲慢 haughty/arrogant
傻 foolish
傻傻的我 silly me/foolish me
儿子 son
儿童 children
允许 to allow/permit
元 yuan
元旦 New Year's Day
充值卡 recharge card (phone)
充分 full / abundant
充满 full of
先生 mister
光滑 glossy/sleek/smooth
光盘 CD
克 gram
克林顿 Bill Clinton
免得 so as not to / so as to avoid
免费 free (of charge)
兔子 rabbit
兜圈子 to beat around the bush/to be indirect
入 to enter
入乡随俗 When in Rome, do as the Romans do
全 whole
全身 all over the body
全部 complete; entirely
全麦面包 whole wheat bread
八卦 to gossip
公共 public/common/communal
公共汽车 bus
公分 centimeter
公务员 bureaucrat
公司 company
公园 park
公寓 apartment building
公斤 kilogram
公民 citizen
公益 public welfare/public good/civic-minded
公里 kilometer
共产主义 communism
共产党 Communist party
共同 common/shared (e.g. interests)
共识 consensus
关于 concerning/regarding/about
关心 to care for/be concerned with
关注 to pay attention to/follow smth closely
关键词 key word
关闭 to close/shut
兴奋 excited
兴盛 to flourish/thrive
兴趣 interest
兵马俑 Terracotta soldiers
其中 among/in/included among these
其余 the rest/the other
具体 concrete/definite/specific
具有 to have/possess
典型 model/archetype/typical/representative
典礼 ceremony/celebration (graduation, etc)
典雅 refined/elegant
养 to grow/raise
养老院 old folks home
兼职 part-time job/concurrent jobs
内向 introverted
内在 intrinsic/innate
内地 inland/interior
内容 content
内涵意义 intended meaning/implied meaning
内疚 guilty/to feel guilty
内蒙古 Inner Mongolia (A.R.)
再 again
再加热 to reheat
再见 goodbye
再说 what's more
冒充 to feign/pass oneself off as/pretend to be
冒犯 to offend
冒险家 adventurer
写 to write
写作 writing / written works
军训 military practice/drills
农业 agriculture; agricultural
农历 Lunar (Chinese traditional) calendar
农民 farmer/peasant
农药 pesticides
农贸市场 produce market
冠军 champion/championship
冤枉 wronged/unjust treatment/to wrong
冬天 winter
冰川 glacier
冰柜 freezer
冰淇淋 ice cream
冰箱 refrigerator (台, 个)
冲动 impetus/impulse
冲突 conflict/contention/to be in conflict with
冷 cold
冷冻 to freeze (food, etc)
冷清 cold and cheerless
冷漠 cold and detached/indifferent
冻 to freeze
准备 to prepare/get ready
准时 on time
凉快 cool
凌晨 very early in the morning
减少 to decrease/lower/lessen/reduce
减肥 to be on a diet
凑合 to make do/be passable/be not too bad
几 how many
几乎 almost/nearly/practically
凤凰 The Phoenix
凶 vicious/fierce/terrible
凹凸不平 bumpy
出 to go or come out
出乎 to go beyond/go against (expectations)
出事 to have an accident
出发 to set out/start off
出差 to go on a business trip
出汗 to sweat
出现 appearance; to appear
出生 to be born
出租 to hire/rent
出租车 taxi
出纳 cashier
出色 outstanding
刀 knife
刀豆 string beans
分 minute/0.01 yuan
分为 to divide something/subdivide
分之 percentage; portions of
分享 to share
分布 distribution
分开 to separate
分手 to split up / to break up
分手 to break up/split up
分散 scatter/disperse/distribute
分析 to analyze/analysis
分类 to classify/sort/classification
切 to cut
刊 to print/publish (magazine)
刑 penalty/sentence
划下来 to mark/highlight part of a text
刚 just/a short while ago
刚才 just now
创口贴 band-aid
创意 creative/creativity/innovation
创新 innovation/to innovate
创造 to create/produce
删除 to delete
判决 to make/a judgment (by a court of law)
判刑 to pass a sentence on/sentence smn to
利息 interest (on a loan)
利用 to use
利益 benefit/interest (个)
别 don't
别人 others/other people
别墅 villa
别扭 awkward
别的 other
刮 to blow; to scrape; to shave
刮胡刀 razor
刮脸 to shave one's face
到 to arrive
到......去 to go to
到处 everywhere
到底 finally/in the end
到目前为止 thus far/up till now/to date
制作 to make/manufacture
制动 brakes
制图 cartography/to make maps
制度 institution/system
制服 uniform
制造 to manufacture/manufacturing
刷牙 to brush one's teeth
券 coupon/ticket
刺激 to provoke/stimulate/excite
刺眼 dazzling, harmful to the eyes
刻 quarter
刻板 stiff/inflexible/stubborn/engraving blocks
刻板印象 stereotype
刻苦 hardworking/assiduous/painstaking
刻薄 harsh/mean/unkind
前卫 avant-garde
前台 reception desk/front of stage
前年 year before last
前往 to go to/leave for/proceed towards
前边 front/in front
前途 future prospects/outlook
剑 sword
剥 to peel
剥削 to exploit/exploitation
剧 opera/play
剧团 opera troupe
剧情 story line/plot
剧情片 drama (film, etc)
剩 to have as a remainder
剩余 remainder / surplus
剪纸 paper cutting
副词 adverb
割 to cut
割伤 cut (injury)
力气 strength
劝 to urge/exhort/advise
办 to do/make
办公室 office
办法 way/means/measure/method
办理 to handle/transact/conduct
功夫 kung fu/effort/labor
功能 function/capability
加 to add/increase
加入 to become a member/join/add into
加利福尼亚 California
加强 to reinforce/strengthen
加快 to accelerate / to speed up
加拿大 Canada
加油 to cheer someone on
动 to move
动作 movement/action
助手 assistant
助教 teaching assistant
助理 assistant
努力 to make a great effort/endeavor
劳动 labor; to labor
劳动力 labor/labor force/manpower
劳驾 excuse me
势利 snobbish
势利小人 snob
势力关系 power relations
势力范围 sphere of influence
勇敢 brave
勇气 courage
勤俭 hardworking and thrifty/frugal
勤奋 diligent/hardworking
勺子 spoon
勾引 to seduce/tempt
包 to wrap
包价旅游 package tour
包办婚姻 arranged marriage/forced marriage
包含 to contain/include/embody
包容 tolerant/forgiving
包括 to include
包裹 parcel/package
化 to change
化妆 to put on makeup
化学 chemistry
化肥/肥料 fertilizer
化验 to have a medical test
北 north
北京 Beijing
北冰洋 Arctic Ocean
北朝鲜 North Korea
北极 north pole
北极 north pole
匹 meas. for horses
区域 region/regional
医学院 medical school
医生 doctor
医药费 medical expenses
医院 hospital
十分 fully/completely/utterly/extremely
十字绣 cross-stitch
千 thousand
千万 by all means
半 half
半天 a long time (coll.)
半岛 peninsula
华丽 gorgeous
华侨 overseas Chinese
华尔街 Wall Street
华盛顿 Washington (D.C.)
协会 association/society
单 sheet/paper
单位 work unit
单独 alone/by oneself/on one's own
单程 one way (ticket, etc)
卖 to sell
卖淫 prostitution
南 south
南京大屠杀 Nanjing Massacre
南方 the south
南极 south pole
南极 south pole
南水北调 divert water from south to north
博士 Ph.D. student
博客 blog/blogger
博物馆 museum
占 to occupy
卡车 truck
卤 braised/soaked in brine
卧室 bedroom
卧铺 berth
卫生 hygiene
卫生间 bathroom
印刷 print
印度 India
印度尼西亚 Indonesia
印章 seal (chop)
印第安 Indian (native American)
印象深刻 to impress/impressive/impressively
危害 to harm/endanger
危险 dangerous
即使 even if/even though/given that
即将 to be about it/on the verge of
却 but/yet/however/nevertheless/even though
卷 to roll up
历史 history
历史上 historically/in history…
历程 course/process
厉害 awesome/terrible
压力 stress/pressure
压迫 to oppress/constrict/oppression
厌烦 to be sick with/fed up with/bored with
厕所 toilet
厚 thick/deep/substantial
原产 made in…
原则 principle/doctrine
原始 first/original/primitive/original
原子弹 atomic bomb
原料 raw materials
原来 formerly/originally
原谅 to excuse
厦门 Xiamen
厨具 kitchenware
厨房 kitchen
去 to go
去世 to pass away/die
去年 last year
参军 to join the army
参加 to participate/attend
参考 to consult/refer
参观 to visit (a place)
参议院 Senate
又 again
叉子 fork
叉子 fork
友谊 friendship
双 pair
双眼皮 double eyelids
双胞胎 twins
反义词 antonym
反之 on the other hand/conversely
反倒 on the contrary
反叛 to rebel/revolt/a rebel
反复 repeatedly/over and over
反对 opposition; to oppose
反常 unusual/abnormal
反抗 to resist/rebel
反映 reflection/to reflect
反正 in any event/anyway
反讽 sarcasm/irony
反馈 feedback
发动机 motor
发呆 to daydream/lost in thought
发展中国家 developing country
发帖 to post (on a discussion forum)
发抖 to shake/tremble/shiver
发明 invention
发炎 to become inflamed
发烧 to have a fever
发现 to discover/find
发生 to happen
发财 to get rich
发达国家 developed nation
叔叔 uncle
取 to take/get/fetch
取决于 to hinge upon
取得 to acquire
取暖 to heat
取款 to withdraw money
取消 to cancel
取笑 to tease/make fun of someone
受害者 victim
受益 to benefit from/profit
变化 to change
变态 abnormal/perverse
变迁 changes/vicissitudes
口头禅 catchphrase/cliché
口气 tone of voice/manner of expression
口语 spoken language
古书 ancient book
古代 ancient times
古典 classical
古板 old-fashioned/out-moded/inflexible
古老 ancient/age-old
古董 antique
古迹 historical sites
句子 sentence
另外 in addition/besides/moreover/furthermore
另类 alternative/offbeat/weird/unconventional
只 only
只好 to have to
只要 as long as
叫 to be called
叫做 to be called
叫好 to applaud/cheer
可乐 cola
可以 may
可口 tasty
可怕 awful/dreadful/horrible/terrible
可恶 repulsive/vile/hateful/abominable
可持续发展 sustainable development
可是 but
可有可无 maybe, maybe not/not essential
可爱 lovely/cute
可能 maybe
可行 feasible
可靠 reliable
台 machines, computers, TV sets programs
台湾 Taiwan
台风 hurricane/typhoon
史瓦辛格 Schwarzenegger
右 right
右派 right wing/rightist
叶子 leaf
号 number
司机 driver
叹气 to sigh / to heave a sigh
叹词 interjection
吃 to eat
吃惊 to be startled/shocked/amazed/taken aback
吃醋 jealousy
吃饭 to eat a meal
各 each
各种 all kinds; every kind of
合同 contract
合成面料 synthetic material
合照 to pose for a photo
合理 rational/reasonable/fair
合群 sociable/to fit in/to get on well with others
合资 joint venture
合适 suitable/appropriate/right
吉他 guitar (把)
吉尔吉斯坦 Kyrgyzstan
吉林 Jilin
同义词 synonym
同学 classmate
同居 to live together
同志 comrade
同胞 fellow countryman
名声 reputation/character/repute
名字 name
名牌 famous brand
名胜 scenic spots
名胜古迹 scenic spots and historical sites
后悔 to regret / to repent
后来 afterwards/later
后果 consequences/aftermath
后裔 descendants
后边 back/behind
吐痰 to spit
向 towards/to
向往 to yearn for / to look forward to
吓 to scare/frighten
吓唬 to threaten
吗 question particle
君子兰 kaffir lily
吞服 to swallow/take medicine
否则 if not/otherwise/or else
否定 to negate/negative (answer)
含义 implied meaning/implicit meaning/connotation
听 to hear
听众 listener/audience
听写 to take dictation
听见 to hear
听觉 sense of hearing
听话 obedient
听说 to hear/be told
启动 to start (a machine)/launch (an operation)
启用 to enable/start using
吵架 to quarrel
吸尘器 vacuum cleaner
吸引 to attract (investment, attention, love, etc)
吸收 to absorb/assimilate/ingest
吸烟 to smoke
吹 to blow
呀 a final particle
呆 to stay
呈贡 Chenggong
告诉 to tell
告诫 to warn/admonish
呐 battle cry
呜呜 boo hoo
周围 encompass; surroundings
周年纪念 anniversary
周润发 Chow Yun-Fat
味觉 sense of taste
味道 flavor
呵呵 laughing
呼吸 to breathe
和 and
和尚 Buddhist monk
和平 peace
咖啡 coffee
咖啡馆 coffee shop
咖喱 curry
咧 crying sound
咨询 to consult/seek advice/consultation
咬 to bite
咱们 we/us (inclusive)
咳嗽 cough; to cough
咸 salty
品 article/product
品味 to appreciate/taste (in music, etc)/good taste
品种 breed/variety
品质 quality
哇 wow, holy cow!
哇塞 express amazement
哈佛 Harvard University
哈哈 ha ha
哈尔滨 Harbin
哈欠 yawn
哈萨克斯坦 Kazakhstan
哈萨克族 Kazakh
哈蜜瓜 Hami melon
响 sound; to make a sound
哎 surprise/hey!/look out!/How dare you!
哥哥 older brother
哦 oh!/aha!
哪 which
哪里 where
哭 to cry/weep
哲学 philosophy
哲理 a philosophy
唇 lip
唉 alas oh dear
唉 alas/oh dear
唐代 Tang Dynasty
唐明黄 Emperor Tang Minghuang
唐朝 Tang Dynasty
唐突 to be rude/offend
唐老鸭 Donald Duck
售票员 ticket seller/conductor
售货员 salesperson
唯一 only/sole
唱歌 to sing a song
啃老族 20-somethings who depend on their parents
商 trade/commerce
商品 commodity
商场 market/bazaar/shopping mall
商店 shop/store
商标 logo/trademark
啤酒 beer
啦 la
喀拉昆仑山 Karakorum Mountains
喀斯特 karst
喂 hello/hey
善变 fickle/prone to changing ones mind
善良 kind-hearted/honest
喇叭 horn (car, musical, etc)
喉咙 throat
喊 shouting; to shout
喔 I see/Oh! (surprise, realization)
喜剧 comedy
喜欢 to like/prefer
喝 to drink
喷 to spray
喷嚏 to sneeze
喷泉 fountain
嗅觉 sense of smell
嗓子 throat
嗨 hey!/hi!
嗨 hey!/hi!
嗬 hey! (exclamation) / I say!
嗯 oh/mm/mhm
嘎嘎 funny sound (quack/honk)
嘲讽 to sneer at/ridicule/taunt
嘴巴 mouth
嘻哈 hip hop
嘻嘻 hee hee / happy
嘿 hey
噢 sudden realization
器 utensil/instrument
器械 instrument/apparatus/equipment
回 to return
回信 reply/to reply
回复 to reply/re:
回忆 to reminisce/recollect/recall
回想 to recall/think back/recollect
回扣 commission to middleman
回收 to recycle
回答 to answer
因为 because
因此 thus/consequently/as a result
因素 factor/element
团体 group/organization/team
团结 to unite/united/unity
团聚 to reuinte/gather together
园林 garden/park
园艺 gardening
困 sleepy / doze off
困扰 perplex / cause complications
困难 difficulty; difficult
围 to surround
围巾 scarf
固体 solid
固定 fixed/set/regular
国会 Congress
国共内战 Chinese Civil War
国内 domestic (trade, tourism, GDP, etc)
国外 abroad/overseas/foreign
国家 country
国有 nationalized/state-owned/public
国籍 nationality
国防 defense
国际 international
图书馆 library
图标 icon (computer/smiley)
图片 picture/photograph
圆 circle; to justify
圆形 circle
圈子 circle (of friends, etc)
土地 soil/land/territory
土木工程 civil engineering
土著 aboriginal
圣经 The Bible
圣诞 Christmas
在 at
在于 to lie in/rest with/depend on ("the key to…lies in…")
在这之前 before then/up until that point
地上 ground/floor
地中海 Mediterranean Sea
地图 map
地址 address
地平线 horizon
地形 topography/terrain
地方 place/location
地方戏 regional opera
地理 geography
地瓜 sweet potato
地貌 relief / landform (geol.)
地道 authentic/genuine/pure
地铁 subway
地震 earthquake
场 meas. for games/sports/performances
场合 situation/occasion
场所 place
场景 scene, scenario, setting
坏 bad/broken
坏事 to ruin sth/spoil/make things bad
坏处 downside/drawbacks/cons
坐 to sit
坐位 seat
块 1 yuan (informal)/chunk/lump
坚持 to support; firmly
坚果 nut
坚硬 hard/sold
坝 dam
垃圾 trash
垃圾箱 trash can
垃圾食品 junk food
垄断 to monopolize/enjoy market dominance
型号 model/type
垮台 to collapse/fall from power
城市 city
培养 to nurture/foster
基本 basic; basically
基督教 Christianity
基础 base; fundamental
基础设施 infrastructure
堂弟 cousins (father's side)
堆 pile/stack/bunch (at the market)
堕落 to morally degenerate/become depraved
堵车 traffic jam
塑像 statue
塑料 plastic (种)
塔 pagoda/tower
塔克拉玛干 Taklimakan Desert
填 to fill in
填鸭式 force-feeding method (of education)
墓地 cemetery/graveyard
墙 wall
增加 increase; to rise
增强 to strengthen
增长 to grow / to increase
墨 Chinese ink
墨西哥 Mexico
墨镜 sunglasses
士兵 soldier
声 sound/voice
声调 tone (pronunciation)
声音 sound/voice
壶 kettle/pot
处事 to deal with/handle affairs
处于 to be (in some state, condition, position, etc)
处理 to handle/deal with/process
处罚 to penalize/punish
备用 reserve/backup/spare/alternate
复习 to review
复制 to duplicate/copy/reproduce
复杂 complex
夏令营 summer camp
夏天 summer
夏威夷 Hawaii
外公 grandfather (mother's side)
外力 external force/pressure from outside
外国 foreign country
外婆 grandmother (mother's side)
外形 figure/shape/external form/contour
外科 surgery
外语 foreign language
外资 foreign capital (investment)
外边 outside
外遇 extramarital affair
外部因素 outside factors
多 many/much
多么 how (wonderful, etc); no matter how
多余 superfluous/uncalled for/surplus
多姿多彩 diversity
多少 how much
多疑 skeptical
夜 night
夜宵 late night snack
夜总会 nightclub
够 to reach; be enough
大 big
大众 Volkswagen
大使馆 embassy
大便 stool
大夫 doctor
大家 everybody/all
大权 power/authority
大材小用 to waste one's talents
大概 roughly
大约 about/approximately
大胆 brazen/audacious/bold/daring
大自然 nature/the outdoors
大蒜 garlic
大西洋 Atlantic Ocean
大跃进 the Great Leap Forward
大连 Dalian
大陆 the Mainland (China)
大雾 fog
天 day
天堂 paradise/heaven
天才 talent/gift/talented/gifted
天气 weather
天气预报 weather forecast
天津 Tianjin
天真 naïve/innocent
天赋 gift/innate skill
太 too
太太 wife/Mrs.
太平洋 Pacific Ocean
太极剑 taijijian (traditional swordplay)
太极拳 Taiji Boxing
失业 unemployment
失去 to lose/loss
失手 slip/miscalculation/unwise move/lose control
失败 to fail/be defeated/failure/defeat
失踪 missing/lost/unaccounted for
失身 to lose one's virginity
头 head
头发 hair
头等舱 first class
头饰 headdress (ornamental, ethnic)
夸奖 to praise/compliment
夸张 to exaggerate
奇妙 fantastic/wonderful
奇幻 fantasy
奇怪 strange/surprising/odd
奉承 to flatter/flattery
奋斗 to struggle/fight (abstract)
奏 to play a musical instrument
契机 opportunity/turning point
奔驰 Mercedes Benz
奖励 a reward/to reward
奖金 bonus (money award)
套 set/suite
奢侈 extravagance/luxury
奢侈品 luxuries (i.e. creature comforts)
奥巴马 Barack Obama
奥林匹克 Olympics
女 female
女儿 daughter
女权主义 feminism
女权主义 feminism
奴隶 slave/slavery
奶奶 grandmother (father's side)
奸商 crooked businessman
好 good
好久不见 long time no see
好事 good deed
好像 to seem/be like
好处 benefit/advantage
好奇 curious/inquisitive
好好先生 yes man/goody goody two shoes
好感 favorable impression/good opinion
好看 good-looking
好莱坞 Hollywood
如何 how/what way/what
如果 if
妆 makeup
妈妈 mom
妒忌 jealous/jealousy
妖艳 pretty and flirtatious/coquettish
妥协 to compromise/a compromise
妹妹 younger sister
妻子 wife
始终 all along/throughout/from beginning to end
姐姐 older sister
姑娘 young lady (antiquated)
姓名 name
委员 committee member
委员会 committee
委屈 wronged (unfairly)
姜 ginger
姿势 posture/position
娘娘腔 sissy/effeminate man
娱乐 entertainment
婴孩 baby
媒人 matchmaker
媒体 media (i.e. news media)
嫦娥 Goddess of the Moon
嫦娥奔月 Chang'e flying to the Moon
子宫 uterus/womb
子弹 bullet
孔子 Confucius
孔雀 peacock
孕妇 pregnant woman
字体 calligraphic style/typeface/font
字幕 subtitles/captions
字形 typeface/font (for Chinese characters)
字画 calligraphy and painting
字面 literal
存 to store/keep/deposit/
存款 bank deposit
孙中山 Sun Yat-sen
孙女儿 granddaughter (son's side)
孙子 grandson
孙悟空 The Monkey King
孜孜 diligent / hardworking
孝顺 filial piety/to show filial piety
季节 season
孤僻 antisocial/reclusive/eccentric
孤儿 orphan
孤独 lonely
学习 to study/learn
学位 academic degree,
学刊 academic journal
学校 school
学生 student
学院 school
孩子 child
宁夏 Ningxia (Huí A.R.)
宁愿 would rather
它 it
它们 them
宅女 girl who stays indoors all day
宇宙 universe/cosmos
守法 to abide by the law
安家 settle down / set up a home
安徽 Anhui
安慰 to comfort/console
安排 arranged; to arrange
安静 quiet
宋代 Song Dynasty
完 to finish
完全 complete; completely
完成 to complete; to total
完美 perfect / perfection / perfectly
宏伟 grand/imposing/magnificent
宗教 religion
官员 official (govt.)
定义 definition
定居 to settle / to fix a place to live
定期 regularly/at regular intervals
定菜 to order food
定金 down payment/advance payment
宜人 nice/pleasant/charming/hospitable
宜居 livable
宝 treasure
宝贵 precious/valuable
宝马 BMW
实在 honest/truly/really
实施 to implement/carry out/practice
实现 to achieve
实用 practical
实行 to put in place/take effect/put into practice
实践 practice; to practice
实际上 in fact/as a matter of fact
宠物 pet
审核 to audit/investigate something thoroughly
审美 aesthetics/taste
客串 guest appearance/guest performer
客人 guest/visitor
客厅 living room
客套话 conventional greeting/polite formula
客气 polite/courteous
客观 objective/impartial
宣传 to spread/disseminate/propaganda
宣布 to announce/declare/proclaim
宣布 to declare/announce/proclaim
宣言 to declare/declaration
室 room
室内 indoors
宪法 constitution
宫殿 palace
宫爆鸡丁 kunpao chicken
宰 to cheat/swindle customers
害怕 to be afraid
害羞 shy
宴会 banquet
家 family/home
家具 furniture
家常菜 home cooking
家庭 family
家教 upbringing
容易 easy
容颜 appearance/looks/countenance (face)
宽 wide/width
宽大 spacious/wide/roomy/baggy (clothing)
宽容 lenient/tolerant/charitable
宿舍 dormitory
寂寞 lonely
寄 to mail
寄存处 temporary storage/left-luggage office
密码 password/pin number
密集 dense/concentrated (e.g. urban density)
富二代 children of nouveau riches
富有 wealthy/rich (money or experience)
富豪 millionaire
富饶 fertile/rich
寒假 winter vacation
寒带 the arctic/frigid zone
对 correct
对不起 I'm sorry
对手 opponent/adversary
对象 target/object/partner/boyfriend/girlfriend
对面 opposite side
寺庙 temple
寻找 to seek/look for
导 to guide/lead
导师 tutor/teacher/academic advisor
导游 tour guide
导演 director (film)
导致 to lead to/create/cause/bring about
寿司 sushi
封 meas. for letters
封建 feudal
射 to shoot/ejaculate
将军 general (military)
将就 to do something reluctantly/put up with
将来 in the future
尊敬 honor/esteem
尊重 to respect/value
小 small/little
小三 mistress
小伙子 young man
小便 urine
小偷 thief
小区 neighborhood/district
小姐 miss
小学 primary school
小孩 kid/child
小意思 just a small token/piece of cake
小提琴 violin
小时 hour
小气 stingy/petty/narrow-minded
小瓜 zucchini
小看 to look down on
小笼包 Shanghai dumplings
小说 novel/fiction
小道消息 word of mouth/gossip/grapevine
少 few/less
尖 points/tips/pointed
尘土 dust
尝 to taste
尝试 to attempt/try
尤其 especially
就 exactly/precisely…
就算 even though/even if
尴尬 awkward/embarrassed
尸体 corpse
尼泊尔 Nepal
尽力 to try one's best
尽心 with all one's heart
尽管 even though/despite/although
尿布 diaper
屁股 butt
层 story/floor
居然 unexpectedly/to one's surprise
届 for events, meetings, sporting events etc
屋子 room
屏幕 screen
屏蔽 to screen/block/a shield (i.e. censorship)
展览 exhibition/show
属于 classified as/belong to/be a part of
山 hill/mountain
山峰 mountain peak
山水 landscape/mountain and water
山沟 valley/mountain region
山脉 mountain range
岁 years of age
岔路 a fork in the road
岗位 post/position
岩 cliff
岳父/母 in-laws (wife's parents)
峡谷 canyon/ravine
崇拜 to worship
工业 industry
工作 to work/work
工作人员 personnel/staff
工厂 factory
工程 engineering project
工程师 engineer
工资 wages/pay
左 left
左派 left wing/leftist
巧 coincidental
巧 coincidental/opportune/skillful
巧克力 chocolate
巧合 coincidence
巨大 huge/enormous/very large
巨星 megastar
巩固 to consolidate/strengthen
差 to be short of/poor/bad
差不多 about the same/almost
差异 difference/divergence
差距 disparity/gap
已经 already
巴基斯坦 Pakistan
巷 lane/alley
市民 city resident
市长 mayor
布 cloth/fabric
布告栏 notice board
布局 arrangement/layout (website, etc)
布置 to decorate/fix up/arrange
帅 handsome/smart
师傅 master worker
师范大学 Normal University
希望 to hope/hope
希腊 Greece
帐篷 tent
帝国主义 imperialism
带 to bring
带有 to have/involve
带来 to bring about
席位 seat (congressional, theater. Formal)
帮倒忙 to be more hindrance than help
帮助 to help
帮忙 to help
常常 often
常见 commonly seen/common
帽子 hat
幅 meas. for paintings
幌子 veneer/pretense
幡 prayer flag
干 dry
干净 clean
干杯 Cheers!/to drink a toast
干涉 to interfere/intervene/meddle
干燥 dry/arid
干脆 straightforward/direct/frank
干部 cadre
平分 to divide equally
平地 plains (geog.)
平均 average/mean/normal
平常 ordinarily/commonly/usually
平房 single-story house/bungalow
平方 square
平方公里 square kilometer
平方米 square meter
平稳 smooth/steady
平衡 balance/equilibrium
年 year
年代 decade/period/age
年夜饭 Chinese New Year eve dinner
年级 grade (in school)
年纪 age
年轻 young
年龄 age
并 and/also/together with
并不 not at all / emphatically not
并且 besides/moreover/furthermore/in addition
幸亏 fortunately/luckily
幸好 fortunately/luckily
幸福 happy
幸运 fortune/luck/good luck
幻灭 to disillusion/disillusioned
幼儿园 kindergarten
幼稚 childish/naïve
幽默 humorous
广义上讲 generally speaking…
广大 vast/extensive/widespread/large-scale
广播 broadcast; to broadcast
广泛 extensive/wide range
广角 wide-angle/panorama
庆祝 to celebrate
床 bed
床垫 mattress
应付 to deal with / to cope
应届毕业生 recent/soon-to-be college graduates
应该 should/ought to
底 bottom
废旧 worn out/old fashioned and dilapidated
废气 exhaust/emissions
废话 Duh/nonsense/rubbish
度 temperature
度假 to go on vacation
度量大 broad minded
度量小 narrow minded
座 meas. for immovable objects
座右铭 motto/maxim (句)
康复 to get well/recover (health)
廉价 cheaply-priced
延伸 to extend
延误 to be delayed (plane, etc)
延长 to extend/extension
建立 to build/establish/set up
建筑师 architect
建议 to make suggestions/suggestion
建设 to build/construct (abstract)
建设性批评 constructive criticism
开 to open/start
开刀 to have an operation
开发 to develop (agent-based)
开口 to open one's mouth/cause embarrassment
开国元勋 founding fathers
开始 to start/begin
开学 to start school
开拓 to open up/develop
开朗 carefree/easy-going/open
开玩笑 to crack a joke/make fun of
开花 to bloom
开车 to drive a car
开通 to open up
开门 to open the door/open (for business)
开门见山 to get right to the point/to be direct
异国 exotic/foreign
异性 of the opposite sex/heterosexual
弊端 corruption/malpractice/abuse
式 style/type
引 to divert/lead
引入 to lead to/draw into/pull into
引发 to initiate/spark
引起 to give rise to/lead to/cause/arouse
弟子 disciples
弟弟 younger brother
弯 to bend
弱势群体 disadvantaged/marginalized/disposessed people
弹 to play (guitar, piano, etc)
强力 powerful
强大 large/formidable/powerful/strong
强度 intensity/strength
强求 to force (sb to do smth)/insist
强烈 intense/strong (feeling, etc)
强调 to emphasize/stress
强迫 to force/compel
强迫 to compel / to force
当 to serve as/become
当成 to regard as/treat as/take for
当然 of course/as it should be/only natural that
当真 to take seriously
当选 to be elected
当面 in one's presence/in someone's face
录像 video
录取 to be admitted by/at
录用 to hire (an employee)
录音 sound recording; record
彝族 Yi
形容词 adjective
形状 shape/form
彩排 dress rehearsal
彩色 colorful
彩虹 rainbow
彩铃 ringback tone
影响 influence; to effect
影子 shadow
彻底 thorough / thoroughly / complete
往 towards/to
往往 often/frequently
往返 round trip
征服 to conquer/subdue/vanquish
待遇 treatment/wages/pay/benefits
很 very
律师 lawyer
徒步旅行 hiking/trekking
得 particle/must/to get
得到 to get
得很 very much
得知 to find out/know/learn about
循环 circulate/circle/loop/cycle
微妙 subtle/delicate
微波炉 microwave
微笑 to smile
微软 Microsoft
微风 breeze/light wind
德国 Germany
心急 hurried/impatient/short-tempered
心情 mood/state of mind
心灵 soul
心理 psyche/mind/mentality
心理学 psychology
心理学 psychology
心脏 heart (organ)
心静 calm
必然 inevitable
必胜客 Pizza Hut
必要性 necessity
必须 to need; must
忌妒 to be jealous of/envy
忌讳 taboo
忍 to endure/tolerate
志愿者 to/volunteer/voluntary/voluntarily
忘 to forget
忙 busy
忙碌 busy/bustling
忠告 advice/to advise
忠实 faithful
忧患 suffering/misery/hardship
忧愁 worried/depressed
忧虑 worry/anxiety/apprehension
快 fast/quick
快乐 happy
快慢 speed
快速 high-speed
念 to read (out loud)
忽悠 to dupe/con
忽然 suddenly
忽略 to neglect/overlook/ingnore
怀念 to cherish the memory of/think of
怀疑 to doubt/suspect/doubt/suspicion/skeptical
态度 attitude
怎么 how/why
怎么回事 what's the matter?/what's going on?
怎么样 how is it/what about that?
怎样 how
思念 to miss/long for/think of
思想 thought
思索 to ponder/think deeply
思维 thinking
思考 to think deeply/reflect on/ponder over
急 to quicken; worried
急忙 hastily/hurriedly
急救箱 first aid kit
性价比 quality-price ratio
性别 gender
性别歧视 sex discrimination / sexism
性情 nature / temperament
性格 nature/disposition/character
怨恨 to hate
怪 to blame
怪不得 no wonder!/so that's why!
总体 completely/total/entire/overall
总体规划 master plan
总是 always
总站 terminal (railroad)
总统 president (of a country)
总而言之 In short/to sum up/altogether
恐怕 to be afraid that/perhaps
恐怖 terrible/frightening/terror
恢复 to restore/rehabilitate
恭喜 congratulations
恶心 nausea/nauseating/gross
恶意 malice/evil intention
恼火 angry
悉尼 Sydney
悉心 careful/attentive
患有 to suffer from/be afflicted with (an illness)
您 you (polite)
悲伤 sad/sorrow
悲剧 tragedy/tragic
悲观 pessimistic
情侣 sweethearts/lovers
情况 situation
情意 sentiment/affection
情报 spy
情绪 mood
惊 surprise
惊喜 pleasant surprise
惊奇 to be amazed/surprised
惊讶 amazed/astonished
惩罚 punishment
惬意 satisfied/pleased/contented
惭愧 ashamed
想 to think/miss/want to do something
想像 to imagine
想像力 imagination
想必 probably/presumably
想法 idea/train of thought
惹 to provoke/irritate/vex/stir up trouble/anger
愉快 cheerful
意义 meaning
意外 unexpectedly/accident/mishap
意大利 Italy
意志 will/willpower/determination
意思 meaning/idea
意指 to mean / to imply
意料 expectations
意见 idea/suggestion
意识(到) consciousness/to be aware of/realize
意识(到) consciousness/to be aware of/realize
愚 stupid
愚弄 to make a fool out of/dupe
愚民政策 policies to keep the people ignorant
感 to feel/sense
感人 touching/moving
感伤 sad/down-hearted/melancholy
感兴趣 to be interested in sth
感冒 to have a cold/cold
感到 to think that; to feel
感受 to sense/perceive/feel/impression
感恩节 Thanksgiving Day
感染 infection / to infect
感觉 feeling
感觉 to feel
感触 one's thoughts and feelings/emotions
感谢 to thank/deep thanks
愤怒 angry/indignant
愤青 angry youth
愿意 to be willing to do something
愿望 wish (个)
慈善 charity/philanthropy/philanthropic
慈善家 philanthropist
慢 slow
懂 to understand
懂事 sensible/thoughtful/intelligent
懒 lazy
懒惰 lazy(书面)
戈壁 Gobi Desert
戏 drama/play/show
戏剧 drama
戏院 theatre
成 to become
成功 success
成就 accomplishment/achievement
成熟 mature/ripe
成绩 achievement/performance/grades
成龙 Jackie Chan
我 I
戒 to give up (smoking, etc)
戒指 ring (jewelry)
或者 or
或许 perhaps
战争 War
战略 strategy
截图 screenshot
戴 to wear/put on (accessories)
户口 population/registered residence
房东 landlord
房地产 real estate
房子 house
房租 rent (n)
房间 room
所 houses, small buildings, institutions
所以 so/therefore
所想 one's thoughts/what's on one's mind
所谓 so-called
所需 required/necessary
扁豆 string bean
扇贝 scallop
手 hand
手套 gloves
手工 handwork/manual
手指 finger
手术 operation/a surgery
手机 cell phone
手段 method/strategy/way/trick
手电筒 flashlight
手续 formalities/procedures
手表 wristwatch
手镯 bracelet
扎啤 draft beer
打 to play/hit
打印 to print
打字 to type
打工 to work part time
打扫 to clean
打扮 to dress (oneself, style, etc)
打扰 to disturb
打折 to give a discount
打断 to interrupt/break off/break (a bone)
打架 to fight/get in a fight (physical)
打球 to play ball
打的 to take a taxi
打破 to break/smash
打碎 to break/shatter
打算 to plan/intend/plan
打胎 to have an abortion
打针 to have an injection
扔 to throw/throw away
执法 to enforce (a law)
扬州 Yangzhou
扭 to twist
扭秧歌 to do the yangge dance
扮演 to play (a part in a movie)
批准 to pass/ratify/approve (legislations, etc)
批判 critique/criticism
批判性思维 critical thinking
批发 wholesale
批评 criticism; to criticize
批量生产 mass produced
找 to look for/give change
承认 to admit/concede/recognize/acknowledge
承诺 to make a commitment to.../commitment
技工 mechanic
技巧 skill/technique
技术 technology/skill
技能 skill
抄写 to copy / to transcribe
把 hand-held things (toothbrush, umbrella, key)
把握 to grasp/hold/seize
抑制 to inhibit/keep down/suppress
抓 to catch/arrest/clutch
抓紧 to make the most of
抓紧时间 to make the most of precious time
投票 to vote / vote
投资 investment
抗生素 antibiotics
折扣 discount
抛 to throw/toss/fling/cast aside
抛媚眼 to throw flirtatious glances
抢 to try to be the first/fight for/snatch
护士 nurse
护照 passport
报 newspaper
报名 to apply / to register / to enroll
报告 lecture/talk/report (n, v)
报答 to repay
报警器 alarm (burglar, fire)
抬 to lift
抱 to surround; to hold
抱怨 to complain
抱歉 to feel sorry/sorry
抱负 ambition/aspiration
押金 deposit
抽 to take out
抽象 abstract
担心 to worry/worry about
拆除 to remove/demolish/dismantle
拉 to pull
拉丁字母 Latin alphabet
拉斯维加斯 Las Vegas
拉链 zipper
拍 to pat/beat/take (a picture)
拐 to turn
拒绝 to refuse/reject
拖拉机 tractor (台)
拖鞋 slippers/sandals
招 to recruit/beckon/enlist
招待 to receive (guests)/entertain
招牌 shop sign/signboard
招聘 to recruit/advertise job positions
招贴 poster
拜托 please don't/request smn not to do smth
拜拜 bye-bye
拜访 to pay a visit/call on
拜金主义 money worship
拟 to draft
拥挤 crowded
拥有 to own/possess/have
拨款 to allocate funds/appropriation
拼 to piece together/spell
拼音 pinyin
拿 to take/hold/get
挂 to hang
挂号 to register
挂失 to report the loss of something
挂念 to be concerned about/anxious about
指出 to point out/indicate
指出 to point out/indicate
指南 guidebook
指南针 compass
指定 to appoint/designate
指教 to give advice
指甲 fingernails
按 according to
按摩 massage
按照 according to/in the light of
按钮 button/push the button (n, v)
挑剔 picky/fussy/to nitpick
挑战 challenge
挑逗 to provoke/incite/lure/tantalize
挑食 picky (about food)
挖 to dig
挖苦 speak sarcastically
挠 to scratch
挣 to earn
挣 to earn
挣扎 to struggle
挤 jostle; to squeeze
挤压 to squeeze/press
挤满 crowded/overcrowded/jam-packed
挨着 close to/adjacent to/near
挫折 setback/defeat/frustration/disappointment
挺 stiff; very; sticking out
捏 to knead
捐 to donate
损坏 to damage/injure
换 to change/exchange
换算 to convert/conversion/translation
据说 it is said that/reportedly
捷径 shortcut
授课 to teach/give lessons
掉 to drop/fall
掌握 to grasp; to hold
排 to arrange/put in order
排列 array/arrangement
排外 xenophobic/anti-foreigner
排序 to sort/arrange in order
排放 to emit/emission/discharge
排斥 to reject/exclude/eliminate/remove
排球 volleyball
排队 to queue up/form a line
掠夺 to plunder/steal (resources, colonialism)
探寻 to explore (a region, city, etc)
探幽访胜 to explore hidden scenic places
探测 to explore
探索 to explore/probe (idea)
接下来 next/following
接人 to pick up (smn)
接受 to accept/receive
接着 then
接着 connecting; following after
接触 to touch/contact/access / in touch with
控制 to control
推 to push
推动 to promote/push
推广 to spread/popularize/extend
推荐 to recommend/recommendation
推迟 to postpone/defer
推销 to market/promote/sell
措施 measures/steps to be taken
描写 to describe
提 to lift/put forth
提交 to submit
提供 to supply / to provide / to furnish
提成 to take a cut/percentage
提款机 ATM
提示 hint/cue/prompt/to draw attention to
提醒 to remind
提高 to improve/increase
插座 socket
插队 to cut in queue/to cut in line
握手 to shake hands
搜索 to search (the internet)
搞 to do
搞 to get/get hold of/do
搞恶作剧 make mischief
搞笑 funny (positive meaning)
搬 to move
搭配 to arrange/pair (i.e. word collocations)
摄影 photography/to take a photo
摆 to put/place/set/display
摇滚 rock n' roll
摇篮 cradle (literal, as well as civilization)
摊位 vendor's booth
摘要 summary/abstract
摧毁 to destroy/wreck
摩托车 motorcycle
撒娇 throw a tantrum (child)/act whiny in a cute way (girls)
撒谎 to tell lies
撞 to knock/collide
擅长 to be expert in/adept at/good at
操场 playground
操心 to worry about
操纵 to manipulate
擦 to rub; to wipe
擦掉 to wipe
攀岩 mountain climbing
支 bands, songs, rod-like things like pens
支 meas. for pens/to support
支付 to pay (money)
支持 to support/be in favor of/back
收 to receive/accept
收入 income/earnings
收到 to receive (letter, email)
收拾 to put in order
收据 receipt (张)
收获 harvest/crop/profit/gain
收藏 to collect/store/keep
收音机 radio
改 to change
改动 to alter/revise/modify
改变 change; to change
改善 to improve/make better
改期 to reschedule/postpone
改造 to transform/reform/remodel
改革开放 "reform and opening"
放 to put/place
放假 to have a holiday/vacation
放大 to enlarge/magnify
放学 to get out of class
放屁 to break wind
放心 to set one's mind at east/feel relieved
放松 to relax
放纵 to indulge/pamper/self-indulgent
放缓 to slow down
放荡 licentious/debauchery
政客 politician
政府 government
政治 politics; political
政策 policy
政绩 political accomplishments/track record
故乡 hometown
故事 story/tale
故弄玄虚 to make smth unnecessarily complicated
故意 deliberately/on purpose
故障 malfunction/bug/defect/shortcoming/fault
效应 effect (e.g. greenhouse effect)
效率 efficiency
敌人 enemy
敏感 sensitive (as in politically sensitive)
救助 aid
救命 help!
救灾举动 disaster relief efforts
教 to teach
教书 to teach
教堂 church/cathedral
教授 professor
教条 dogma/religious doctrine/creed
教练 coach
教育 education/to educate
敢 to dare
散心 to relieve boredom
散步 to walk/take a walk
敬 to offer politely
敬业 to be dedicated to one's work
数 number/to count
数学 mathematics
数据 data / numbers / digital
数码 digital/number/digit
数量 amount/quantity
敲 to beat/knock on
敲锣打鼓 to beat drums and gongs
整体 whole/entire/holistic/integral/synthesis
整天 all day long
整形外科 plastic surgery
整理 to put in order/arrange/sort out
整齐 neat/tidy
文件夹 binder
文具 stationery
文凭 diploma
文化 culture
文化 culture/education/literacy
文化大革命 Cultural Revolution (1966-1976)
文字 writing/writing style/phraseology
文学 literature
文学家 writer
文房四宝 the four treasures of the study
文盲 illiterate
文科 liberal arts/humanities
文章 essay/article
文艺 literature and art
文采 literary grace/eloquent
料子 material for making clothes
料理 cuisine/to cook/the art of cooking
断线 to get disconnected/cut off
新 new
新加坡 Singapore
新娘 bride
新年 new year
新疆 Xinjiang (A.R.)
新西兰 New Zealand
新郎 groom
新闻 news; news
新鲜 fresh
方便 convenient
方向 direction
方式 way/style
方案 plan/program/proposal/proposed bill
方法 method
方针 policy / guidelines
方面 side
旁边 next to/beside
旅游 to travel/tour
旅行 to travel
旅途 journey/trip
旋转 to rotate/revolve/spin
旗子 flag/banner
旗袍 cheongsam
无业游民 unemployed
无动于衷 indifferent/unconcerned/aloof
无奈 grudgingly/for lack of better option
无情 heartless/merciless/ruthless
无故 without cause or reason
无济于事 of no use/to no avail
无疑 undoubtedly/without a doubt
无知 ignorant
无礼 rude
无耻 shameless
无聊 bored/boring
无论 no matter what/no matter how
无论如何 anyway/anyhow….
无论如何 anyway/anyhow….
无趣 uninteresting
无限 boundless/limitless
既...又 both…and…
既然 since/as/this being the case
日出 sunrise
日历 calendar
日渐 day by day/gradually
日落 sunset
日记 diary
旧 old/past
旧货市场 flea market/secondhand market
早 early
早上 (early) morning
早晨 early morning
早知如此 if I had foreseen/known earlier
早知如此 if I had foreseen/known earlier
时代 times/era/age
时候 time/moment
时光 time/era/period of time
时讯 current events
时间 time
时间内 within (a period of time)
时髦 trendy
时鲜 in season (fruits and vegetables)
旷工 to skip work
旺季 busy season/peak period
昂贵 expensive
明亮 brightness
明信片 postcard
明天 tomorrow
明年 next year
明星 star (film)
明显 obvious/clear
明智 sensible/wise
明确 clear-cut/definite/explicit/to clarify/specify
星巴克 Starbucks
星期 week
春 spring
春节 Spring Festival
春运 increased traffic at spring festival
昨天 yesterday
是 to be
是否 whether/whether or not/if
显 conspicuous/prominent
显然 clear / evident / obvious(lee)
显示 to show/illustrate/demonstrate
晒 to sunbathe
晓得 to know
晕 to feel dizzy
晚 late
晚上 evening
晚会 party
晚霞 sunset glow/sunset clouds
普通话 Mandarin
普遍 universal/general/widespread/common
景色 scene/scenery/landscape
景象 scene/sight (to behold…)
晴 sunny
晴天 sunny sky
智力 wisdom/intellect
智慧 wisdom/intelligence/knowledge/intellect
智能手机 smartphone
暂时 temporary/for the time being
暑假 summer vacation
暖和 warm
暖气 heating
暗喻 metaphor
暗淡 dim/faint/dismal/gloomy
暗示 hint/suggestion/innuendo/to hint/suggest
暧昧 vague/ambiguous/dubious
暴力 violence
暴发户 noveau riches/upstart
暴风雨 rainstorm/storm
曝光 to expose (a scandal,etc)
曲 tune/melody
曲折 winding/complicated (road)
更 more
更加 more
更谈不上 let alone
曾经 once/ever/formerly/previously
最 most
最佳 best/optimal/peak
最初 first; initially
最近 recently
月亮 moon
月台 railway platform
月宫 the lunar palace
月球 the moon as a planet
月饼 moon cake
有 to have
有主见 opinionated
有名 famous
有害 destructive/harmful/damaging
有弹力 springy/bouncy/elastic
有弹性 flexible
有意思 interesting
有效 effective/in effect/valid
有活力 energetic / vital
有点 somewhat
有的 some
有礼貌 courteous/polite
有道理 to make sense/reasonable
有限 limited / finite
朋友 friend
服刑 to serve a prison sentence
服务员 waiter/waitress/server
期刊 periodical
期待 to look forward to/await
期望 expectations/high hopes/to expect
期盼 to look forward to
未必 not necessarily/maybe not
未来 future/tomorrow/coming/pending
未知 unknown
本 meas. for books
本义 original meaning / literal sense
本子 notebook
本来 originally/at first
本科生 undergraduate student
本质 essence/intrinsic quality
本身 itself/in and of itself
朴素 simple/plain
机 machine
机会 opportunity
机器 machine; mechanical
机场 airport
机智 resourceful/quick-witted
杀 to kill
杂志 magazine
杂牌 inferior brand
权威 power/authority (abstract)
材料 material
村 village
村庄 village/hamlet
束 meas. for flowers/bunch
条 meas. for long, narrow objects
条件 condition
条款 clause (项)
来 to come
来回 round trip
来源 source
来自 to come from (a place)
杭州 Hangzhou
杯 cup/glass
松树 pine tree
极了 extremely
构成 to constitute/form/compose/make up
构造 structure/composition
枕头 pillow
果断 decisive/firm
果然 sure enough/as expected
果酱 jam
枪 gun
枯燥 dull/boring/tedious/uninteresting
某个时候 a certain time
某处 somewhere
柔和 gentle/soft
柔软 soft
柜 cupboard/cabinet
柠檬 lemon
查 to check/look up
查看 to look over/examine/check up
柬埔寨 Cambodia
柳树 willow
标志 sign/mark/symbol/logo
标志性建筑 landmark building
标点符号 punctuation
标记 to/label/mark
标语 slogan/poster
标题 title/heading/headline/subject
栋 for buildings and houses
栏目 column (newspaper, website, etc)
树 tree
栖所 habitat
样子 appearance/manner/aspect/pattern
核心 core/nucleus
核武器 nuclear weapon
核能 nuclear energy
根 base
根 facial hair, cigarettes, guitar strings
根基 foundation
根据 according to / based on
格局 structure/pattern/layout
栽培 to cultivate/nurture/foster
桃子 peach
框架 frame/framework/outline
案例 case
桌子 table/desk
桥 bridge
梅 plum
梦 dream
梦想 to dream of/to hope in vain
梨 pear
梯子 ladder
梳子 comb (把)
检查 to examine
检索 to retrieve (data)/look up/search
棉花 cotton
棒 good/fine (coll.)
棒球 baseball
棕 brown
森林 forest
棵 meas. for plants, trees
椅子 chair
植物 plant
椰子 coconut
楼 building/floor
概况 general situation/summary
概念 concept/idea
概括 to summarize / to generalize
榜 list of best students
榜样 example/model (role model)
模仿 to imitate/copy/emulate (culture, etc)
模型 model/mold
模式 mode/method
模特 fashion model
模糊 blurry/vague/hazy
樱桃 cherry
橄榄球 American football
橘子 orange
橙 orange
橙子 orange
橡胶 rubber
欠 to owe
次 meas. for number of times
次数 frequency/number of times
欢迎 to welcome
欣赏 to appreciate/enjoy
欧洲 Europe
欺负 to bully
款式 pattern/style/design
止 to stop/prohibit/suspend
正义 justice/righteousness
正好 happen to/chance to/is it happens
正如 to be just like
正宗 authentic/genuine/"old school"
正常 normal/regular
正式 formal
正方形 square
正确 correct; accurate
此路不通 this road is blocked/method doesn't work
步子 step/pace
武器 weapon
武断 arbitrary/subjective/dogmatic
武术 martial arts
歧义 ambiguity/several possible meanings
歪曲 to distort/misrepresent
死 to die
死刑 death penalty
死记硬背 to learn by rote / to mechanically memorize
残忍 cruel/mean
残疾 disabled/handicapped
殖民主义 colonialism
殖民地 colony
段 section
段 section/part
母亲 mother
母校 alma mater
每 every/each
每当 every time/whenever
毒品 drugs / narcotics
比喻 metaphor/analogy/figure of speech
比如 for instance/for example
比方说 suppose/let us say
比赛 to compete/match
比较 comparatively/compared to/to compare
毕业 to graduate
毕竟 after all/all in all/when all is said and done
毛 0.1 yuan (informal)/hair/feather
毛主席 Chairman Mao
毛毯 blanket
毛泽东 Mao Zedong
毛病 bad habit/defect
毛笔 writing brush
毛衣 sweater
民主 democracy
民乐 folk music
民族 nationality/ethnicity
民间 folk/popular/of the common people
气候 climate
气味 odor/scent
气温 air temperature
气质 temperament/disposition
氛围 ambiance/atmosphere
水 water
水平 level
水平座 Aquarius (zodiac)
水库 reservoir
水晶 crystal
水果 fruit
水灾 flood
水电费 utility bill
水管工 plumber
水龙头 faucet
永恒 eternal/everlasting
永远 forever
求饶 to beg for forgiveness
汇合 to converge/join
汇率 exchange rate
汉堡 hamburger
汉字 Chinese character
汉语 Chinese
江 river
江南 areas south of the lower Yangtze River
池塘 pool/pond
污染 pollution
污渍 stain
汤 soup
汽水 soda
汽车 car/vehicle
沃尔玛 Wal-Mart
沈阳 Shenyang
沉溺 to be addicted to..(行为..)
沉默 silent/uncommunicative
沏 to brew (tea)
沙发 sofa (条,张)
沙子 sand
沙滩 beach
沙漠 desert
沙特阿拉伯 Saudi Arabia
沟通 to communicate
没关系 nevermind/it doesn't matter
没意思 it's boring
没有必要 it's not necessary to/there's no need to
河 river
河流 river
油 oil
油漆 to paint/paint
油画 oil painting
油腻 oily
治理 to govern/administer/manage/control
治疗 to treat/cure/a medical treatment/cure
沿海 coastal
泄漏 to leak
法则 law/rule/code
法庭 court
法案 bill/proposed law
法西斯 fascist
泡 to brew/steep/soak
泡妞 to pick up girls
泡沫 bubble
波士顿 Boston
泥土 earth / soil / mud / clay
注册 to register/enroll
注意 to pay attention to
泰国 Thailand
泸沽湖 Lugu Lake
泼妇 a bad-tempered, aggressive woman
洋葱 onion
洋鬼子 foreign devil
洗 to wash
洗发露 shampoo
洗浴 bath
洗澡 to bathe
洗牌 to shuffle the cards
洛杉矶 Los Angeles
洞 cave
洪水 flood
活儿 life; job
活动 to move about/activity
活泼 lively/vivacious/brisk/active
派 clique; to send
派出所 police substation
流传 to spread
流利 fluent
流动人口 floating population
流氓 hoodlum/gangster
流浪 to wander/roam/nomadic
流畅 well-flowing (of speech, writing)
流行 popular/fashionable
流露 to express/reveal (thoughts,etc)
流鼻涕 runny nose
浅 shallow
浅薄 superficial
浇 to water
测量 to measure/gauge/determine
测量/测绘 surveying
浏览 to skim over/browse
浓 strong/dense/concentrated (tea, coffee..)
浙江 Zhejiang
浪漫 romantic
浪费 to waste/squander
浮 to float
浴池 public bath
海 sea/large inland lake
海关 customs/customhouse
海军 navy
海南岛 Hainan Island
海啸 tsunami
海岸 coast/shore
海归 returnee (from studying abroad)
海拔 altitude/elevation
海洋 ocean
海滩 beach
海绵 sponge
海豚 dolphin
海运 sea transportation/ocean shipping
海鲜 seafood
涂 to spread on/apply
涂鸦 graffiti
消失 to disappear/face away
消息 news/information
消磨 to idle/wile away/kill (time)
消费 to consume
消防站 fire station
消除 to eliminate / to remove
涉世未深 inexperienced/unsophisticated (world affairs)
涉及 to involve/touch upon
润滑油 lubricant
涮 to boil think slices of meat
涮羊肉 sliced boiled lamb
液体 liquid/fluid
淘汰 to eliminate
淡 bland
淡季 low season
深 deep
深圳 Shenzhen
深奥 profound
深度 depth
深知 to be fully aware/to know well
混合 to mix/blend/a mix/hybrid
混蛋 asshole/bastard
混血 mixed-blood person
添 to add
清单 list
清楚 clear
清洁工 cleaner/janitor
清洗 to clean
清淡 light
清真寺 mosque
清秀 delicate and pretty
渡船 ferry
温室 greenhouse
温家宝 Wen Jiabao
温柔 gentle/tender
温泉 hot springs
温馨 cozy/warm/comfortable
渴 thirsty
游手好闲 idle about/loaf about
游泳 to swim
游玩 to amuse oneself/have fun/go sightseeing
游行 parade/march
游行距离 travel distance
游览 to go sightseeing/tour
渺小 tiny/negligible/insignificant
渺茫 uncertain/vague/indistinct
湖 lake
湿 wet
湿润 moist
源于 has its origins in
溜冰 ice skating
溪 stream
滋润 comfortably/well off
滑雪 to ski / skiing
满 full; complete
满意 satisfied
满月 full moon
满足 to satisfy/meet the needs of
满载 fully loaded/loaded to capacity
滴 to drip/a drop
漂亮 pretty/beautiful
演 to perform/play
演出 performance
演员 actor/actress/performer
演奏 to perform (instrumental)
演讲 a lecture/to make a speech
漫步 to wander/ramble
潇洒 debonair/casually sophisticated
潜在 hidden/potential/latent
潜意识 subconscious/sub consciousness
潦草 careless/slovenly/illegible (handwriting)
潮流 trend/"in" thing/current/tide
潮湿 humid
澄清 clear (liquid)/to clarify/be clear
澜沧江 Mekong River
澳大利亚 Australia
澳门 Macao
激发 to arouse/excite
激情 passion/strong emotion
激烈 intense (competitions, wars, actions)
瀑布 waterfall
火 fire/heat
火车 train
火锅 hot pot
灯 lamp
灯泡 light bulb
灰 grey
灵感 inspiration/insight/creativity
灵敏 sensitive/keen/sharp
灵活 flexible / nimble / agile
灵活 flexible/nimble/agile
灵魂 soul/spirit
灶 stove (kitchen)
灾区 disaster area/stricken region
灾难 disaster
炒 to stir-fry
炒股 to speculate on stocks
炸 to deep fry
点心 light refreshments/pastries/dim sum
点种 o'clock
烂 soft/mushy/rotten
烈酒 liquor
烘 to heat by the fire
烟花 fireworks
烤鸭 roast duck
烧 to burn
烧 to cook/bake/stew/roast/burn
烧毁 to burn down
烧麦 conical dumplings
烩饭 braised rice
烫 hot/scalding
热 hot
热带 the tropics/torrid zone
热心 enthusiastic
热情 warm/warmhearted/enthusiastic
热门 popular/hot/in vogue
热闹 lively/bustling
焦点 focus/focal point
焰火 fireworks
然后 then/after that
然而 however/yet/but
煎 to pan fry/sauté
煤 coal
照片 photograph
照相 to take a picture
照相机 camera
照顾 to look after
煮 to boil
熄 to put out (fire, light, etc)
熊 bear
熟悉 to be familiar with
熟练 skilled/skillful/practiced/proficient
熬夜 to stay up late/stay up all night
燃气 natural gas
爆 to quick-fry
爆炸 explosion/to explode/blow up
爬 to climb
爱 to love
爱人 husband or wife/spouse/lover
爱好 hobby/to like
爱好者 lover (of arts, sports, etc)/enthusiast
爱尔兰 Ireland
爱情 love
爱慕 to adore/admire
爱抚 to caress/fondle/affectionate
父亲 father
父母 father and mother/parents
爷爷 grandfather (father's side)
爸爸 dad
爽约 to miss an appt/stand smn up
片剂 tablet/pill
版 version
版本 version (of a story, etc)
牌子 brand
牙 tooth
牙刷 toothbrush (把)
牙膏 toothpaste (管)
牙齿 teeth
牛仔裤 jeans (条)
牛奶 milk
牛津大学 Oxford University
牢固 firm/secure
物 thing
物业 property management
物价 commodity prices
物流 logistics
物理 physics
物质 matter/substance/material/materialistic
物质主义 materialism
牵手 to hold hands (romantic)
特别 extraordinary/especially/particularly
特定 special/specific/designated/particular
特殊事件 special occasion
特点 characteristic/feature
特色 characteristic/distinguishing feature
犯人 criminal
犯罪 crime
状态 state of affairs/state/mode
犹太人 Jew/Jewish
犹豫 to hesitate
狗 dog
独到 original
独特 unique/distinct
独生子女政策 the one child policy
独立 independent
狭义上讲 specifically speaking…
狭窄 narrow (streets)
狭隘 narrow
狮子 lion
狼 wolf
狼狈 in trouble/in dire straits
猛 fierce/violent
猜 to guess
猜想 to guess/suppose/suspect
猪 pig
猫咪 kitty
王八蛋 bastard/son of a bitch
玩 to have fun/play
玩具 toy
玩弄 to play with/engage in/resort to/dally with
玫瑰花 rose
环境 environment
现在 now
现实 reality
现象 phenomenon
现金 cash
玻璃 glass
珍惜 to cherish/value/treasure
珍珠奶茶 pearl milk tea
珍贵 valuable/precious
珠宝 jewel/pearl
珠穆朗玛峰 Mount Everest
球 ball
理由 reason/grounds/justification
理解 to comprehend/understand
理论 theory
瑜伽 yoga
瑞典 Sweden
瑞士 Switzerland
瓦 roof tile
瓶 bottle
瓷器 chinaware
甘肃 Gansu
甘蔗 sugarcane
甚至 even/so much so that
甜 sweet
甜食 desserts
生产 manufacture; to produce
生动 vivid/lively
生命科学 life sciences
生存 to survive
生态学 ecology
生日 birthday
生气 to get angry/take offense
生活 life/to live
生活水平 living standards
生涯 career
生火 to make a fire
生物学 biology
生疏 out of practice/rusty/unfamiliar
生病 to fall ill
生肖 12 animals of the Terrestrial Branches
生词 new word
用 to use
用具 appliance/utensil
用处 usefulness/utility
用法 usage
用语 choice of words/wording
甩掉 to throw off/abandon/get rid of/dump
田埂 embankment/footpath between fields
田径 track and field
由 by
由于 due to/as a result of/thanks to/owing to
由来 origin
申请 to apply for sth
电 electricity
电击 to click/press (on a computer, etc)
电子表格 spreadsheet
电影 movie
电影院 movie theater
电梯 elevator
电池 battery
电灯 electric light
电脑 computer
电视 TV
电话 telephone/phone call
电风扇 electric fan
男 male
画 to paint
画儿 painting
画家 artist
画廊 gallery
畅 free/free from worry/unimpeded
留 to leave a message; to leave behind
留学生 foreign student
留念 to take as a parting gift
番茄 tomato
疏忽 to neglect/overlook/negligence
疗养 to heal/recuperate/get well
疯癫 insane / crazy
疲劳 fatigue/weary
疼 painful
病 illness/to get sick
病人 patient/sick person
病毒 virus
症状 symptoms
痒痒 to tickle/itch
痛快 happy; delighted
瘦 thin
癌症 cancer
登 to publish (an essay, article, etc)
登山 to climb a mountain/climbing/mountaineering
登录 to login/sign in
登记 to register/check in
白 white
白兰瓜 honeydew melon
白领 white collar
百 hundred
的确 really/indeed
皇后 empress
皇宫 palace
皇帝 emperor
皈依 to convert to (a religion)
皮带 belt
皮肤 skin/complexion (种)
皮革 leather
皱纹 wrinkle
盆 pot
盆景 miniature trees/bonsai
盈利 profit/gain
益友 helpful friend/wise companion
盐 salt
监狱 prison
盒子 box
盖 to build
盗版 pirated (software, etc)
盘子 plate
盛行 to be in fashion
目前 current; currently
目录 catalogue/list
目标 goal/target/objective
目标市场 target market
目的 goal/purpose/aim/target/objective
目的地 destitution
盯 to stare at
盲人 blind person
直尺 ruler
直接 direct/immediate/nonstop (flight)
直爽 straightforward/direct
直言 to speak bluntly/forthrightly
直译 direct meaning / literal translation
相亲 blind date/arranged date
相传 to pass on/hand down
相似 to resemble/similar/like/
相信 to believe
相关 interrelated/correlation/dependence/relevance
相册 photo album
相反 opposite / contrary
相声 comic dialogue
相处 to get along
相对 relatively/comparatively/vis-à-vis
相应 corresponding/to correspond
相爱 to fall in love
相识 to be acquainted
相近 close/similar to
相通 interconnected/interlinked
相遇 to meet/encounter/come across
相配 to match/well-suited
省 province; to save
眉头 eyebrow
看 to watch/look at
看上 to take a fancy in
看守 to guard/watch over
看望 to visit/pay a visit to
看法 view/opinion
看病 to see a doctor
看重 to regard as important
真 real/really
真正 real; genuine
真诚 sincere/genuine
眼光 gaze/perspective/vision
眼熟 familiar-looking/to seem familiar
眼睛 eye
眼红 to covet/envy/envious
眼镜 eyeglasses
着急 to feel anxious
睡懒觉 to sleep in
睡眠 sleep
睡觉 to sleep
睡过头 to oversleep
瞪 to stare at
矛盾 contradictory
矜持 restrained/reserved
知识 intellectual
知识 knowledge
知识产权 intellectual property
知道 to know
短 short
短暂 brief/temporary
短缺 shortage
矮 short
石窟 grotto
矿 mine/ore
矿工 miner
砍 to chop/cut down
研究 a study/research
研究 to study/discuss/consider
研究 to study/research
研究生 graduate student
砖 brick
破 broken; to break
破产 bankrupt
破坏 to destroy/damage/undermine
破旧 shabby
硕士 master's degree
硬 hard
确切 definite/exact/precise
确定 definite/certain/to make sure/confirm
确实 indeed
确认 to confirm/affirm/acknowledge
确证 to prove/corroborate
碗 bowl
碰 to touch
碰到 to come across/run into/meet
碳排放 carbon emissions
磁带 tape; audio tape
示威 demonstration/to demonstrate (protest)
示威游行 protest/demonstration
示意图 sketch/chart/diagram
礼物 gift/present
礼貌 courtesy/politeness
社交 social interaction/contact
社会 society; social
社会和谐 harmonious society
社会规范 social norms
祈祷 to pray/prayer
祖先 ancestors
祖国 homeland
祝 to wish
祝愿 to wish
祝福 blessings/well wishes
祝贺 to congratulate
神仙 supernatural being
神圣 holy/sacred/divine
神秘 mystery
神经病 mental disorder
神色 expression/look (of one's face)
神话 myth
票 ticket
禁止 forbidden/restricted (internet, entrance)
禁止 to prohibit/be prohibited
禅 Zen/meditation
福利 welfare/benefits
福建 Fujian
福特 Ford
离 away/off/from
离开 to leave/depart from
离开熟路 off the beaten path
秋天 autumn
种 meas. kind/sort/type
种 to grow/plant
种子 seed
种族主义 racism
种类 kind/sort/type/variety
科学 science
科幻 science fiction
科目 subject (school)
秘书 secretary
秘密 secret
秘诀 secret of success
租 to rent
积极 active/energetic/proactive
积累 to accumulate/accumulation/cumulatively
积蓄 savings
称 to call (a person something)
称之为 to call it... / known as...
称呼 to call/a form of address
称赞 to praise
移动通信 China Mobile
移民 migrant/to immigrate/emigrate
稀奇 rare/unusual/strange
稀疏 sparse/infrequent/scattered/thinly spread
程序 procedures/sequence/order
程度 degree (level or extent) / level
稍 slightly/a little
稍微 a little bit
税 tax
稠 dense/thick (e.g. beverage)
稳定 steady/stable/stability
稳重 earnest/staid
穆斯林 Muslim
穷 poor
空 sky/air
空军 air force
空姐 flight attendant
空白 blank space
空话 empty talk
空闲 free time/idle time/leisure time
穿 to wear
穿过 to pass through
穿透 to penetrate
突然 sudden/suddenly
窗 window
窗帘 curtains
窗户 window
立交桥 overpass
立体 3D
立刻 immediately
立法 legislation
站 station/stop/to stand
站岗 to stand guard
竞争 to compete/competition
竟然 unexpectedly/to one's surprise/in spite of all
章子怡 Zhang Ziyi
端上 to serve
竹笋 bamboo shoots
竿 pole
笑 to laugh/smile
笑容 smile
笔 pen
笔记 notes/sketches
笔记本 laptop
笔顺 stroke order
符号 symbol/mark/sign
符合 in keeping with/in accordance with
笨 stupid/foolish/silly/clumsy
笨手笨脚 clumsy
笼 basket (dim sum)
等 to wait
答应 to promise/agree
答案 answer (noun)
筛选 to filter (i.e. internet)
筷子 chopsticks
签名 signature
签字 to sign one's signature
签证 visa
简体字 simplified characters
简单 simple
简历 resume/cv
简略 brief/simple
简直 simply (i.e. truly/really/etc)
简练 succinct
算 to consider/calculate
管 to discipline/structure children's lives
管 tube/pipe (toothpaste, straw...)
管理 to manage/administer
箱子 box/case/trunk
篇 meas. for articles
篮球 basketball
米 meter
米老鼠 Mickey Mouse
米饭 rice (cooked)
类型 type
粉丝 vermicelli/fan of sb (loan word)
粉红色 pink
粒 small round things, peas, peanuts, pills, grains, candy
粗 rough
粗心 careless/thoughtless
粗糙 course/rough
粗鲁 crude/rude/coarse/rough
粤语 Cantonese
粮食 staples/starches
精力 energy/vigor/stamina
精彩 wonderful
精神 spirit
糖 sweets/sugar/candy
糟糕 damn/in a wretched state
糯米 glutinous rice
系 faculty/department
系统 system (ticket-selling system, etc)
紧 tight; tightly
紧张 tension; tense
紧急 an emergency/urgent
紫 purple
累 tired
累赘 superfluous/a burden/nuisance
繁体字 traditional characters
繁华 flourishing/bustling
纠正 to correct
红 red
红楼梦 Dream of the Red Chamber
红绿灯 traffic light
约会 appointment/date (次, 个)
级别 level/scale/rank/grade
纪念 to commemorate
纪念品 souvenir
纯净 pure/clean
纷纷 one after another/in succession
纸 paper
纹身 tattoo
纺织品 textiles/fabrics
纽扣 button (on clothes)
纽约 New York
练习 to practice/exercise
组 to form/group
组合 to assemble/combination
组成 to consist of/be made up of
组成部分 ingredient/component
组织 organization; to organize
绅士 gentleman
细 fine
细心 careful/attentive
细线 thread
细腻 exquisite/meticulous
终于 finally/at least/in the end
经典 the classics/classical
经历 experience
经济 economics
经济增长 economic growth
经济繁荣 economic prosperity
经理 manager
经过 to pass/go through/go by
经验 experience (n)
经验丰富 experienced/with ample experience
绑 to tie up/bind/fasten together
结业 to complete a course
结合 to combine/integrate/link
结合 to combine/integrate/link
结婚 to marry/get married
结实 rugged/sturdy
结束 to finish
结构 structure/composition
结果 result/outcome
结识 to get to know (smn)/become acquainted with
结账 to pay the bill/settle an account
绕口令 tongue twister
绕过 to go around (internet, road, etc)
给 to give/to
绝对 absolute
统一 to unify/integrate/centralized
统治 to govern/rule (political)
统计 statistics
继续 to continue
续借 to renew
绰号 nickname
绳 rope
维吾尔 Uighur
维护 to safeguard/defend/protect
综合 comprehensive/integrated
缅甸 Myanmar
缓和 to alleviate/moderate/allay/smooth over
缓缓 slowly, unhurriedly
缓解 to alleviate/solve/ease (a problem, etc)
编辑 editor
缘分 fate/destiny
缩写 abbreviation
缺乏 shortage/to be lacking/short of/lack
缺点 weak point/fault/shortcoming
罐头 can (tin)
网吧 internet café
网球 tennis
网络 internet
罗嗦 long-winded / wordy / troublesome
罚款 to impose a fine
罪恶 a crime/sin/evil
罪行 crime/offense
羊肉 lamb/mutton
美化 to beautify
美好 beautiful/wonderful
美德 virtue
美术 fine arts
美术馆 fine arts gallery
美观 aesthetically pleasing/artistic
羡慕 to envy/admire
群 crowd, flock, etc ( large group of animals)
羽毛球 badminton
翅 wing
翘课 to skip class/play hooky
翠湖 Green Lake
翻 flip; to flip
翻墙 to climb over the firewall
翻译 to translate
老(是) always
老乡 fellow townsman
老人 the eldery
老外 foreigner (coll.)
老字号 shop/firm with a long reputation
老实 honest/sincere
老师 teacher
老挝 Laos
老是 always
老鹰 eagle
老鼠 rat/mouse
考虑 to think over/consider/ponder
考试 test/to take a test
而且 but also/and also
而后 and then/after that
而已 that's all/nothing more
耍 to play with/juggle
耐心 patient
耕地 arable land
耳旁风 something you don't treat seriously
耳朵 ear
耳环 earring
耻辱 disgrace/shame/humiliation
耽误 to hinder/hold up
聊 to chat
职业 occupation
职位 post/office/position
职称 job title/professional position
联合 to combine/join/unite
联合会 federation/union
联系 connection; to contact
聘用 to hire/employ
聚会 party/get-together
聚在一起 to get together
聪明 clever/bright
肉末 ground meat/minced meat
肌肉 muscle
肚子 stomach
股票 stocks
肤浅 superficial/shallow (of one's understanding of a subject or issue)
肥皂 soap
肩膀 shoulder
肯定 to be sure/be certain
肯德基 KFC
背包族 backpacking
背景 background / backdrop
胖 fat/plump
胜利 victory
胡子 facial hair
胡扯 chatter/blather/nonsense
胡萝卜 carrot
胡说 talk nonsense/drivel
胡锦涛 Hu Jintao
胡闹 to fool around/make trouble
胳膊 arm
胸 chest
能 can/to be able to
能力 capability / capable / able / ability
能否 whether or not/can it or can't it/is it possible?
能够 to be capable of
能源 energy source
能量 calories
脂肪 fat
脆弱 weak/frail
脉 arteries and veins
脏 dirty
脑筋 manners/rules/customs/way of thinking
脖子 neck
脚 foot
脱 to shed
脱离 to separate/break away from
脱脂奶 skim milk
脸 face
脸色 complexion
脾气 temperament/disposition/character
腌菜 pickled vegetables
腐败 corrupt/corruption
腰果 cashew
腿 leg
自从 ever since
自信 confidence/self-confidence
自助餐 buffet
自卑 feeling inferior/self-abased
自发 spontaneous
自己 oneself
自治县 autonomous county
自然 nature/natural
自由 freedom/liberty
自私 selfish
自行车 bicycle
自负 vain/conceited
臭 stinky
臭美 smug/conceited
至少 at (the) least
舅舅 uncle (mother's brother)
舌头 tongue
舍不得 to hate to do sth/hate to part with/begrudge
舒服 comfortable
舔 to lick
舞厅 ballroom
舞台 stage
舞蹈 dance
航空 aviation
船 boat
艰苦 difficult/hard/arduous
色拉 salad
艳丽 hot/sexy
艳遇 hook up
艺术 art
艾滋病 AIDS
节 class periods/segments
节奏 rhythm/tempo/beat
节日 festival
节目 program
节约 to save/economize
芒果 mango
芝麻 sesame
芭乐 guava
花儿 flower
花心 unfaithful/prone to playing around
花掉 to waste/spend (time, money)
花花公子 playboy/player
芹菜 celery
苍蝇 fly (insect)
苏州 Suzhou
苏格兰 Scotland
苗条 graceful, slim, slender
苛刻 harsh/pitiless
苦恼 distressed/annoyed/vexed
英国 England
英镑 British pound
英雄 hero
苹果 apple
范围 range / scope / limit / extent
茄子 eggplant
茉莉花茶 jasmine tea
茶 tea
茶楼 tea house
茶馆 teahouse
草 grass
草原 grassland/prairie
草地 lawn
草稿 draft/outline/sketch
草药 herbal medicine
草莓 strawberries
荔枝 lychee
荣幸 honored
荤菜 meat dish
荧光笔 highlighter
药 medicine
荷兰豆 snow peas
荷花 lotus
莎士比亚 William Shakespeare
获利 to profit/make profits
获得 to obtain/receive/get (respect, apology)
菜 dish
菜单 menu
菜谱 recipe/cookbook
菠菜 spinach
菠萝 pineapple
菩萨 Buddha
菲律宾 Philippines
营业 business
营业员 service employee
营养 nutrition / nourishment
营地 camp
营销 marketing
萨克斯管 saxophone
落后 to fall behind/backwards (development)
葡萄 grape
葡萄牙 Portugal
葡萄酒 wine
葫芦丝 hulusi
葱油饼 spring onion pancakes
葵花 sunflower
蒋介石 Chiang Kai-shek
蓝 blue
蔬菜 vegetable
薄 thin
薄荷 mint
薪水 salary/wage
藏 to hide
藕 lotus root
蘑菇 mushroom
蘸 to dip in
虚伪 false/hypocritical/artificial
虚假 fake/phony/pretense (fake modesty)
虚岁 Chinese age-counting method
虚拟 virtual/fictitious/theoretical
虽然 although/though
虾 shrimp
蚂蚁 ant
蚊子 mosquito
蚝油 oyster sauce
蛇 snake
蛋 egg
蛋白质 protein
蛋糕 cake
蛮 pretty/quite
蜂蜜 honey
蜘蛛 spider
蜡烛 candle
蝴蝶 butterfly
螃蟹 crab
融化 to melt
螺丝刀 screwdriver
螺蛳 snail/spiral shell
蟑螂 cockroach
血 blood
行 to be okay
行为 behavior/conduct
行政 administration/administrative
行政区划 administrative district
行李 baggage/luggage
行程 itinerary/route/journey
街 street
街区 block
街心花园 landscaped road island
衣服 clothes
补 to mend/patch/remediation
补习班 supplementary class/reinforcement class
补偿 to compensate/make-up
补助金 financial aid
表 watch/form/table/list
表弟 cousins (mother's side)
表情 to express one's feelings
表格 form/table
表演 performance; to perform
表现 expression; to show off
表示 to show/express/expression
表达 to voice (an opinion)/express/convey
表里不一 outside appearance and reality differ
表面 surface / face / outside / appearance
衬衫 shirt
袋 bag/sack
袖子 sleeve
袜子 socks
被 by (indicates passive voice)
被动 passive
被迫 to be forced to/compelled to
装 to install; to dress up
装 to pretend to be sth/sb
装修 interior decoration
装腔作势 to adopt an attitude/strike a posture
装饰 decorations (Christmas, etc; n, v, a)
裙子 skirt
裤子 pants/trousers
裸体 nude/naked
褒义 commendatory term/positive connotation
西方 western/the West
西服 Western style clothes
西游记 Journey to the West
西班牙 Spain
西瓜 watermelon
西红柿 tomato
西药 Western medicine
西藏 Tibet
西餐 Western food
西马拉雅 Himalaya
要 to want
要不然 otherwise/or else
要么...要么 either…or…
要求 request; to request
覆盖 to cover
观众 audience
观察 to observe
观念 concept
观点 opinion
观赏 to admire/appreciate/enjoy
规划 planning
规则 rule/regulation
规定 to stipulate/to set/regulation/rule
规律 rule/law/pattern/discipline
规模 scale/extent/scope
规矩 rules/customs/practices (social)
视窗 window (computer)/Windows (Microsoft)
视觉 sense of sight
视角 viewpoint/angle/perspective
视野 horizon/field of view
视频 video (internet)
览 to look at/see
觉得 to feel/think
角 angle
角度 angle / point of view
角斗 wrestling
角色 character/role
解决 resolution; to resolve
解放 liberation
解放军 People's Liberation Army
解法 solution
解释 to explain/interpret/explanation
解除 to rescind/remove/terminate/free/lift
触摸 to touch
触觉 sense of touch
言论自由 freedom of speech
警告 to warn / to admonish
警察 policeman
警车 police car
计划 plan; to plan
计划生育 family planning
计算机 computer (台)
计较 to haggle / to bicker / to argue
认出 to recognize/identify
认真 serious/earnest
认证 to authenticate/approve
认识 to know
讨价还价 to bargain/haggle
讨厌 nuisance/troublesome
讨论 discussion; to discuss
让步 to give in/concede/yield
议题 issue/topic (government, etc)
记住 to memorize
记得 to remember/retain
记忆 memories / remember / memory
记者 reporter
讲价 to bargain
讲究 to be particular about/to
许可证 permit/license
许多 many/a lot of
论坛 discussion forum (internet)
论战 to debate
论文 paper/thesis (篇)
设备 equipment/facilities
设定 to set/set up/install
设置 to set up/install
设计 to design
访问 to visit/call on
证件 certificate/credentials
证券 securities
证据 evidence/proof/testimony
证明 proof/verification/testimony
评价 to evaluate/evaluation/assessment
评估 to evaluate/assess/assessment/evaluation
评论 comment/discuss
识别 to distinguish/differentiate
诊所 clinic
诊疗 diagnosis and treatment
词典 dictionary
词性 part of speech
词汇 vocabulary
词组 phrase
试验 experiment / test / experimental
诚实 honest/truthful
话题 subject/topic (of a conversation)
详情 details/particulars
详细 detailed(ly) (information, description, knowledge)
语境 context
语气 tone / manner of speaking / mood
语法 grammar
语言 language
语调 intonation
误会 to misunderstand/a misunderstanding
误解 misunderstanding
诱惑 to entice/allure/attract/tempt/seduce/lure
说明 explanation; to explain
说服 to persuade/convince
说法 way or style of speaking/wording
请假 to ask for time off
请客 to treat sb to sth (meal)
诺言 a promise
诺贝尔和平奖 Nobel Peace Prize
读 to read
读书 to read/study/attend school
课 class/lesson
课程 course/class
课题 task/problem/issue (research)
谁 who
调味品 seasonings
调情 to flirt
调控 to regulate/control
调整 adjustment/revision
调查 to investigate/survey/opinion poll
调皮 naughty/mischievous/unruly
调节 to adjust/regulate
谈不上 to be far from/nowhere near
谈判 to negotiate/negotiations
谈心 to have a heart-to-heart
谈恋爱 to date/court/(talk of love)
谢谢 thanks/to thank
谦虚 modest
谷类 cereal/grain (unprocessed)
豆浆 soy milk
豆腐 tofu
豌豆 pea
象征 symbol
象棋 chess
豪华 luxury
貌似 to seem to be/appear to be
负担 to shoulder a burden/a burden
负责 to be responsible; responsible
负面 negative/negative side
贡献 contribution/to contribute
财产 property
财富 wealth
财物 property/personal belongings
责任 responsibility / blame / duty
账户 account/bank account
货物 merchandise/goods
质疑 to question (intellectually, politically, etc)
贩卖 to traffic/peddle (in illegal things)
贩卖人口 human trafficking
贪心 greedy
贪污 to embezzle/commit corruption
贫困 impoverished
贫富差距 disparity between rich and poor
贫民窟 slum housing
贬义 derogatory/negative connotation
购买 to buy
购物 to go shopping
购物中心 shopping center
贱 lowly/inexpensive
贴 to stick/paste
贴吧 message board / web forum
贵 expensive
贷款 to loan/provide a loan
贸易 trade
费 fee/expenses/charge
贺卡 greeting card
资料 material/resources/data/information
资格 qualifications
资源 resource (natural)
资金 funds/capital/funding
赌博 to gamble
赏 to admire/enjoy
赔偿 to compensate/compensation
赚 to earn/make a profit
赞同 to approve (of smthg)
赞美 to praise
赢 to win
走廊 corridor/hallway
赶上 to keep up with/catch up with/overtake
起伏 to rise up and down/undulate
起床 to get up
起诉 to sue
起飞 to take off
超市 supermarket
超级大国 superpower
超过 to surpass/exceed/outstrip
越...越… the more…the more…
越来越 more and more
足 foot
足球 football
足迹 footprint
跑步 to run/job
跟 with/to follow
跨国 transnational / multinational
跨越 to step over/overcome (an obstacle, etc)
路径 a path/route/method
路标 street sign
路边摊 street food
跳槽 to change jobs/to a better job
跳舞 to dance
跳蚤市场 flea market/secondhand market
跳跃 to jump/skip/leap
踢 to kick
踩 to tread/step on (visit someone's QQ space)
蹦迪 disco (n/v)
身份证 identity card
身体 body/health
身材 figure/build (height and weight)
身高 (a person's) height
躲 to hide/avoid
躺 to lie on/lie down
车牌 license plate
车站 bus stop
转动 to turn / to rotate
转型 transformation/to transform
转帐 transfer/to transfer money
轮胎 tire
软件 software
软卧 soft sleeper
软座 soft seat
轻松 gentle/relaxed
轻浮 frivolous/careless
辅导 to coach
辛亥革命 Xinhai Revolution (1911)
辛苦 hard/toilsome
辞职 to quit/resign
辣椒 chili pepper
辨析 differentiate and analyze / discriminate
辨认 to recognize / to identify
辩论 to debate/argue over
边境 border/frontier
边界 border/boundary
辽宁 Liaoning
辽阔 vast/extensive
达赖喇嘛 Dalai Lama
过去 to pass/in or of the past
过奖 to over-praise / to flatter
过敏 to be allergic/allergy
过日子 to live one's life/pass one's days
过期 to be overdue
过瘾 satisfying/satisfy a craving
过程 course of events/process
迈克尔杰克逊 Michael Jackson
运动 to do exercise/sports
运河 canal
运输 to transport/haul (goods)
进一步 step by step/further/go a step further
进出口 import/export
进来 to come in
进步 to progress/advance/improve
进行 to advance
远景 long range view
违法 to break the law/illegal
违背 to violate/be contrary to
连...都 even ...
连接 to attach
连续 continuous/consecutive ("3 days straight")
迟到 to arrive late
迟早 sooner or later
迪斯尼 Disney/Disneyland
迷人 fascinating/enchanting/charming/tempting
迷信 superstition
迷惑 confused/puzzled/baffled (v, adj)
迷茫 dim/hazy/dazed
迷路 to be/get lost
追求 to pursue/woo/court
退休 to retire
退休金 pension
退货 to return (a product)
适中 moderate
适应 adaptation
逃避 to escape/evade/avoid/shirk
选举 to elect
选修 to take an elective course
选手 contestant/athlete
选择 to choose/select
选秀节目 talent show
透明 transparent
透露 to reveal/divulge (information, a matter)
逐渐 gradually/gradual
通常 usual/ordinary/normal
通知 to notify/inform
通知单 letter of notice
通讯录 directory/address book
通货膨胀 inflation
逛街 to stroll around the streets/loiter
造成 to bring about/cause/create
逮捕 to arrest
遇到 to meet
道听途说 gossip/hearsay/rumor
道德 moral/ethics/virtue/morality
道教 Taoism/Daoism
道理 reason
道路封闭 road closed
遗传 hereditary/inheritance
遗憾 regret/pity
遗留 to leave/hand down (to new generation)
遥控器 remote control
遥远 distant/remote
遭遇 to befall/encounter/experience
遵守 to comply with/abide by
避免 to avoid/refrain from
邀请 invitation
邓小平 Deng Xiaoping
那样 such/so/like that
那里 there
邦 state/country/nation (traditional)
邪恶 evil/wicked
邮局 post office
邮编 postal code
邻居 neighbor
郁闷 gloomy/depressed
郊区 suburbs
部 meas. for films, literature
部落 tribe
部首 radical (dictionary index)
配料 ingredients (cooking)
配方 cooking recipe
酒 liquor
酱油 soy sauce
酷 cool, great (funny-sounding)
酸 sour
醉 drunken/intoxicated
醋 vinegar
醒 to wake up
采 to pick/extract
采访 to interview/to gather news/to cover
重建 to reconstruct/reconstruction
重新 again/once more/re-
重要 important
重量 weight
野外 countryside/areas outside the city
野生 wild/undomesticated
野餐 picnic
量词 measure word
金融 finance/banking/financial
金额 sum (of money)
钞票 bill (money)
钟头 hour
钢琴 piano
钢笔 fountain pen
钥匙 key
钱 money
钻石王老五 diamond bachelor
铁公鸡 cheapskate/stingy person
铅笔 lead pencil
铝 aluminum
铲子 shovel/spatula
银行 bank
铺平道路 to pave the way
链接 link (on a website)
销售 sales
锁 lock
锅 pot/pan
锋利 sharp (i.e. knife)
错误 error; mistake
错过 to miss (a plane, opportunity, etc)
锣 gong
锻炼 to do exercise
镇 town
镜子 mirror
长大 to grow up
长寿 longevity
长度 length
长椅 bench
长短 length/duration
长远 long-term/long-range
门口 doorway
闪婚 to get married really quickly
闪电 lightning
闭眼 to close one's eyes
问题 question
闯(进去/过) to rush/charge/dash/break through
闲谈 small talk/idle talk
闷热 hot and humid
闹钟 alarm clock
闻 to smell
阅览室 reading room
队员 team member
防止 to prevent/guard against/take precautions
防火墙 firewall
阳光 sunshine
阳历 Western (solar) calendar
阳台 balcony
阴凉处 a shady place
阴天 cloudy sky/overcast
阴暗 dark/gloomy/somber (mood, outlook)
阶层 hierarchy/stratum
阶段 stage/section/phase/period
阶级 social class
阿姨 maid/nanny/stepmother/maternal aunt
阿富汗 Afghanistan
阿弥陀佛 May Buddha preserve us/Merciful Buddha
附近 in the vicinity
陆军 army
陈旧 old-fashioned/outdated
陈词滥调 cliché/platitude
陋习 bad habits/corrupt customs
陌生人 stranger
降低 to reduce / to lower / to bring down
限制 to restrict/limit/a restriction/limit
陕西 Shaanxi
陡峭 steep
院子 courtyard
除了...以外 with the exception of...
除夕 Chinese New Years Eve
除非 unless/only if
陪伴 to accompany
陶器 pottery
陷阱 trap
随 to follow
随后 soon after
随和 amiable/easy-going
随意 do as one wishes/at will
随时 at any time
隐私 privacy/personal matters
隔壁 next-door/neighborhood
隔离 separate/isolate/segregate
障碍 barrier/obstacle/impediment
难 difficult
难怪 it's no wonder…/it's not surprising
难过 to feel bad/sad/upset
难道 don't tell me that…/could it be that…
雀斑 freckles
雅思 IELTS
集体主义 collectivism
集合 to gather together
雇 to employ/hire
雕刻 carving
雕塑 statue/carving/sculpture
雨伞 umbrella (把)
雪福莱 Chevrolet
零下 below zero
零售 retail
零钱 small change
雷阵雨 thunder showers
雷雨 thunderstorm
雾 fog
需求 requirement / demand (economics)
需要 need; to need
震惊 to shock/astonish
霜 lotion/frosting/
露天 outdoors/in the open
青少年 teenager/youth/adolescent
青春 youth/youthfulness
青椒 green pepper
青海 Qinghai
青花菜 broccoli
青蛙 frog
靓女 pretty girl
非主流 non-mainstream
非凡 out of the ordinary/unusually (good)
非常 very/extremely
非政府组织 NGO
非法 illegal
靠近 to approach/draw near
面具 mask (costume)
面前 in front of/in others' presence
面包 bread
面对面 face to face
面积 area (land area)
面试 interview
面部表情 facial expression
革命 revolution/revolutionary
鞋子 shoes
韦博 Web
韩国 South Korea
韭菜 garlic chives/leek
音乐 music
音量 volume (sound)
韵 rhyme/vowel/chinese "final"
韵味 implicitly charm/hinted appeal
项目 project/item
项链 necklace
顺利 smoothly
顺序 sequence / order
顾问 adviser / consultant
预习 to prep for something in advance
预先 beforehand/prior
预定 to reserve
预知 to anticipate/foresee
预约 to make an appointment
领域 field/domain/sphere/territory/area
领导 leader; to lead
领袖 leader (old fashioned, communist)
频道 channel (television)
颜料 paint supplies (for art)
颜色 color
风俗 custom
风格 style/manner
风筝 kite
风貌 style/manner/ethos
风险 risk/hazard
飘扬 to flutter/fly
飞机 airplane
飞翔 to fly (birds, etc)
食堂 dining hall
食欲 appetite/desire/hunger
食物 food/edibles
餐厅 dining room
饭馆 restaurant
饮水机 water dispenser
饮用水 drinking water/potable water
饱 satisfied; not hungry
饵块 rice cakes
饺子 dumpling (个, 只)
饼 cake
饿 hungry
馄饨 wonton
馊 rancid/soured
首 poems, songs etc
首先 first of all/firstly
首次 for the first time
首都 capital
首页 home page (website)
首饰 jewelry/womens' accessories
香 fragrant/sweet-smelling
香味 smell/fragrance (股)
香喷喷 savory/delicious
香料 spices/flavorings
香港 Hong Kong
香蕉 banana
马上 right away/immediately
马列主义 Marxism-Leninism
马可波罗 Marco Polo
马帮 horse-assisted trade
马来西亚 Malaysia
马马虎虎 so-so
驱除 to repel/drive away/get rid of
驴 donkey
驴友 people who like traveling and hiking
驾驶 to drive/pilot
骂 to curse/scold smn
验明 to check and make clear/ascertain/verify
骑 to ride/sit on the back of
骗 to cheat/trick
骚乱 riot/disturbance (political, etc)
骚扰 to disturb/harass
骨头 bone
高兴 happy
高原 plateau/highland
高度 height/altitude/elevation
高新技术 high tech
高明 brilliant/wise
高楼大厦 high-rise buildings
高跟鞋 high-heeled shoes
高速公路 freeway/super-highway
高雅 refined/elegant
鬼子 devil (old-fashioned insult for 外国人)
鬼鬼祟祟 sneaky/secretive/sneakily/secretively
魅力 charm/glamour/charisma
魔幻 magic/fantasy
魔术 magic
鸡尾酒 cocktail
鸦片 Opium
鸭 duck
麦克风 microphone
麦当劳 McDonalds
麻烦 to bother sb/trouble sb
黄山 Huang Shan
黄河 Yellow River
黄褐色 tan (color)
黑店 scam
黑暗 dark/darkness
黑板 blackboard
鼓 drum
鼓励 to encourage
鼻子 nose
龙 dragon

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